Start by washing each fruit, peeling the skin off (if you want to), and coring it. Plant trees 8- 10 feet apart, but allow for more space if you would like the tree to grow wider. I do both. Place them in the chiller compartment of your refrigerator. Hosui Asian Pear. According to 20th Century Asian pear info, this If you happen to spot eggs or larvae before they do too much damage, you can try releasing moth egg parasites (Trichogramma spp. For best results, you will need to plant two varieties that bloom at the same time for pollination. I don’t take any chances with Cervids. variety got its start as a happy accident. The 20th Century Asian pear tree requires a different pear variety for pollination. She’s especially proud of the flowerbeds she and her three-year-old son built with rocks dug up from their little Alaska homestead. With 300-400 chill hours required each winter at 45°F or below, this is the perfect tree for those in cooler climes. 20th Century is a widely adaptable variety. 20th Century Asian Pear – Semi-self fertile! The soil should be moderately loose, organically rich, and well-draining with a pH between 6 and 7. Keep the soil moist until your area’s first wintertime freeze, especially in the sapling’s first few years of growth. . ‘Shinseiki,’ which translates to “new century,” is a cross between two popular varieties: ‘20th Century’ and ‘Chojuro.’ When ripe – usually sometime in August – this mid-size fruit is bright yellow and extremely crunchy. Although self-fruiting to an See our TOS for more details. Uncredited photos: Shutterstock. Requires 400 chill hours. This Asian pear’s skin is a beautiful yellow-green color. Self-fruitful or pollenated by Shinseiki, Bartlett, or other pear or Asian pear. Easy to grow, heavy bearing small tree. Before you make your selections, make sure you’re in the right growing zone, and that you have plenty of space, and enough room to plant two varieties. superior to the current favorites and, in time, won awards and accolades is producing, it may be helpful to thin Transfer them to a freezer bag, and voila! With a rigorous fungicide program and excellent cultural care, these problems can … But I adore eating them in salads, too, like this pear, currant, and hazelnut salad from our sister site, Foodal. If you are growing your Asian pear in a container, you’ll want to prune it to remain about five to six feet tall – essentially turning it into a fruit-bearing shrub rather than a fully dwarf-sized fruit tree. The attractive mid-sized fruit is bright yellow with a hint of rosy blush, and it has a crisp texture and mild flavor. It is healthy and thriving well with my other Asian Pears. Some spots are at the base of the leaf, some are in the center, and some are on the tip. Laura Melchor grew up helping her mom in the garden in Montana, and as an adult she’s brought her cold-weather gardening skills with her to her home in Alaska. ‘Shinseiki’ reaches a height of 12 feet and only requires 250-300 chill hours. in 1904. The 20th Century Asian Pear has large ugly dark marks that occur in different locations on only some of the leaves. Lay the slices on a greased cookie sheet. China, Korea, and Japan are the main commercial exporters of the fruit, but it’s also grown in the United States in California, Oregon, and Washington, thanks to those early immigrants. Japan but is now relegated to third place. 20th Century Asian Pear Asian pear '20th Century' A self-fruitful, deciduous ornamental tree that produces small, golden-yellow, round pears. The 20th Century Asian Pear will set a much heavier crop when planted with one of the other Asian pear varieties. many fungal issues makes them especially great for gardeners in cooler, wetter You can also spray horticultural oil, available from Arbico Organics, on the leaves and trunk to smother unhatched eggs. As with many other types of fruit trees, P. pyrifolia are most often propagated by being grafted onto rootstock of another variety. You'll love the high quality harvest from your very own tree. Maybe you know them as apple pears, papples, or nashi pears, but whatever you call them, the fruits of the Pyrus pyrifolia tree are delicious. Sign up for our newsletter. It spreads easily and can kill entire trees. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! many of the Asian pear varieties. You can find bare root ‘Hosui’ trees available at Burpee. 20th Century Asian pear trees have a long storage life and Botanically, it is a true pear. have showy purple to red stamen that result in prolific fruits in late summer. By far the most dreadful disease an Asian pear tree can face, fire blight, caused by the bacteria Erwinia amylovora, destroys any existing fruit and turns leaves to a burnt-crisp color and texture, hence the name. BEST ANSWER: This easy-to-grow tree produces an irresistibly sweet, crisp and juicy fruit. Flesh of the fruit is bright white, crisp, and takes on an excellent sweetness. blight and codling Also known as Nijisseiki Asian pear, 20th Century The tree blossomed this year, but of course I will remove any fruit as this is only the first year. Asian Are you ready to find out how to grow and care for your own Asian pear trees? The Asian pear tree not only produces an abundance of delicious fruit, but it’s also aesthetically pleasing without taking up too much space. Shinseiki pears can be grown in zones 5 through 9 and may tolerate temperatures as cold as -20 degrees Fahrenheit (-29 Celsius), especially if grafted to a hardy rootstock. It should be at least 20 inches in diameter. First, make sure you have enough space. A pear tree can grow to 20 feet tall, but you can keep it 10 – 15 feet tall by simply pruning it. living in what was then, Yatsuhshira in Japan. While a majority of the tree has healthy leaves, the number of discolored ones is … Juicy, sweet, mild-flavored fruit is crisp like apple. The first is the codling moth (Carpocapsa pomonella), which eats through the fruit to get at the seeds, rendering it inedible. This juicy Asian Pear treat is great eaten fresh and it stores well for canning and preserving. Lay the pieces on a cookie sheet and put them into the freezer for four hours or until they’re frozen solid. Once the tree Although it is self-fertile, this type delivers a larger crop when planted in close proximity to another cultivar that blooms at the same time. pears offer a delicious alternative to European You can conduct a soil test to determine the pH and nutrient balance of your soil and amend accordingly. If you’d rather freeze your pears to puree later for smoothies or baking, you can do that too. It may take some time to enjoy the juicy pears, but Pruning each year in the dormant season is important, but flower thinning can also help with fruit production. You don’t want any weeds or grass growing over the root system and competing for water and nutrients. This cultivar often begins producing fruit in its second year, though it can take up six years before you can pick a decent harvest. Cut into slices that are 1/2 an inch thick. Asian pear trees can take between three to five years to begin producing fruit after propagation. tolerant. The variety is cold hardy, as well as heat and drought Expect mature trees to grow 25 feet (7.6 m.) and start producing 7 Asian variety ‘20th Century,’ for example, blooms at about the same time as ‘Bartlett,’ and ‘Chojuro’ blooms with ‘Anjou.’. extent, planting two more compatible varieties nearby can help increase Today we're showing you our very first harvest of our 20th Century Asian Pear. Make a hole in the soil that’s as deep as the root ball and just a smidge wider. They are also sometimes called P. serotina. Best of luck! You can add a three-inch layer of dark mulch to help keep the tree warm during the winter, and a light layer to help it keep cool during the summer. A good keeper, fruits store well for up to five months in cold storage at 31°F. It is not known what the tree’s The first tree was named Shin Daihaku but changed to 20th Century fruit to avoid stressing the branches and get larger, healthier pears. the early 1900s and the original tree was designated a national monument in It’s easy to plant a dwarf tree in a container. Despite their long history in Asia, they’re relatively new in the United States, arriving here in 1820 when horticulturist William Prince imported the plant to grow in Flushing, New York. Even if you don’t have a large yard, you can still grow P. pyrifolia: some cultivars can grow up to 40 feet tall, but widely available dwarf varieties reach just six to 15 feet in height. Other soil types are tolerated, but the tree may produce a lighter crop. Or, plant a dwarf or standard-sized cultivar straight into the ground for a beautiful and tasty addition to your landscape. 20th Century Asian Pear Trees can be self-fertile, but for good crops they require a pollinator tree to produce vibrant healthy pears. If so, then it’s harvest time! If you’ve ever had this experience, consider me jealous, but in a good way. The tree has a medium growth rate and can be pruned to keep The twospotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae, is a tiny brownish-green pest that causes damage to foliage and usually only bothers a tree if it is water-stressed. To do this, use pruning shears and cut the branch about two or three buds away from the main branch. Product photos via Arbico Organics, Burpee, Home Depot, Nature Hills Nursery, and Plantskydd. Early treatment is crucial to the recovery of a plant. Always prune to an outside facing bud, to encourage the tree to develop a lovely shape. Laura also writes novels and holds an MFA in writing from Vermont College of Fine Arts. Keeps well, up to six months. The Kieffer pear grows best in slightly acidic, deep, heavy, and moist (but well-drained) soil. That should work well. Once the tree blossoms and begins fruiting in the spring, thin the fruits to one pear every four to six inches on any given branch. Pack your bounty in a padded bucket until you decide what to do with them, as they bruise very easily. As for fertilizing, you only need to make sure the tree receives fertilizer once a year: as soon as the soil is workable in the spring. When you’re certain you have the perfect place for those saplings, place your order or bring them home and dig holes for the roots. Before the leaves appear, branches are covered in clusters of showy white blossoms. We occasionally link to goods offered by vendors to help the reader find relevant products. If you prefer a dwarf ‘Hosui,’ which reaches up to 12 feet in height, you can find it at the Home Depot. How To Water, Fertilize, and Prune Pear Trees. Fruit may be consumed fresh or stored for later use. If you notice the telltale shriveled leaves, remove the entire affected branch at least 12 inches below the first infected leaf. Each hole will need to be the same depth as the root ball and twice as wide. Water your pear tree deep but not too frequently. firm, white flesh. Fruit Asian Pear 20th Century 20th Century Asian Pear. 450 hrs. In all, you should prune about 10 percent of the tree’s total branches each winter. exact parentage was, but the seedling was discovered in 1888 by a young boy Most popular Japanese cultivar that is semi-self fertile but bears better with a pollinator. In warm areas, use a light-colored mulch to help keep the roots cool. The primary issues with 20 th Century are alternaria black spot, fire blight and codling moth. throughout the region. production. Just remember to eat them within six months. You can also prune the tops of the branches farthest away from the trunk, as those produce fruit that’s less sweet and often smaller. time. Some adventurous gardeners try to root new trees from cuttings, but this has a 30-90 percent success rate under the most ideal conditions, in a professional greenhouse with controlled humidity and misting hoses. Crisp like an apple, the 20th Century is a mild-flavored and juicy sweet Asian pear that is wildly popular in Japan and California. Set the root ball inside and backfill with soil, making sure the crown of the sapling is level with the soil surface. I doubt they’ll even last you three months, they’re so delicious. Asian pears combine the flavor and sweetness of pears … Juicy or crunchy (depending on the variety and maturity), honey-sweet yet not overpowering, mature Asian pears can be enjoyed right away when you pick them. It is round, yellow-skinned, easily bruised, but stores well up to six months. Bloom Season within fruit type(see note) early midseason. You can also dry slices in the oven. As with most fruit, production will peak if the plant is in Reapply the solution every four to five days until the blossom shrivels and the fruit begins to grow. In my opinion, the best way to eat an Asian pear is fresh off the tree. These flowers The fruits are medium to large, golden yellow and sweetly juicy with ), available from Arbico Organics, according to package instructions. Have you ever grown Asian pear trees in your backyard? Some of these links may be affiliate in nature, meaning we earn small commissions if items are purchased. High in Vitamins C and K, and rich in fiber, the crisp fruits are often sliced and added to salads, baked into pies, and enjoyed as snacks. You get the idea: this is a large, extra-juicy cultivar. Planting a P. pyrifolia alongside a European variety can also encourage more honeybees flock to both trees, as they’re typically more attracted to European varieties. Keeps well. Pruning: Prune trees by about half when planting to encourage vigorous and compact growth. in the Japanese culture. Take it far away to be burned or dispose of it in the trash. Planting Instructions: Plant your 20th Century Asian Pear tree in a hole twice as wide and nearly as deep as the root's ball. Place the sheet in an oven heated to just 175°F and cook for about four hours, flipping the slices over every hour, until they have a leathery texture. Container growing is also ideal for a patio or small backyard. In addition, trim some of the branches nearest to the trunk to encourage them to produce blossoms. Despite some cultivars producing fruit reminiscent of an apple, the Asian pear is not a hybrid with this fruit. 20th Century pears, botanically classified as Pyrus pyrifolia, are the fruits of a large deciduous tree that can reach up to ten meters in height and belong to the Rosaceae or rose family. To check the moisture level, stick your finger about one inch down into the soil. The 20th Century Asian Pear, or Nijisseiki as it is often called, is the perfect ornamental fruit tree for your yard. Fruit tends to ripen in early August. The most important consideration here, of course, is the size of your container. Regular water needs once established. Easily pollinated by planting ‘Hosui’ alongside it, ‘Chojuro’ requires 450 chill hours. You'll need to place it in a spot in your garden that gets full sun. We’ll cover both planting methods to make it easy for you to choose which is best for your garden. Often round like an apple, some P. pyrifolia cultivars are teardrop-shaped like their European counterparts. Even in the case of self-pollinating cultivars, cross-pollination leads to much bigger harvests. generation. Harvest Season within fruit type. To retain moisture and suppress weeds, consider putting down a three-inch layer of mulch. To keep the tree healthy, prune away diseased, broken, or injured branches during its winter dormancy period. I’ve just planted a chojuru and a Bartlett next to each other. These robust trees have a vertical growth habit. If you have deer or moose in your area, it’s time to learn how to keep the large herbivores away from your precious Asian pear trees. This pear tree has delicious, firm, crisp and very juicy pears. The two trees will need to be planted about 15 feet apart if they’re dwarf varieties, and 30 feet apart if they’re full-sized cultivars. Because grafting takes skill and special equipment, the best way to plant an Asian pear tree is to purchase two varieties from a nursery or gardening store and find a perfect area to plant them together. Other methods of propagation include micropropagation via tissue cultures. It produces yellow round pears (which are botanically known as 'pomes') with hints of red and white flesh which are usually ready for picking in late summer. States Department of Agriculture zones 5 to 9. If you’re looking for an exciting fruit to grow at home that tastes like a pear but has the crunchy texture of an apple, look no further than P. pyrifolia. Great for fresh eating. This will encourage a well shaped tree, and also allow the roots and branches a chance to balance up from when they were dug from their original growing spot. They can be hard to find at your local grocery store or farmers market in some places, but luckily, if you live in USDA Hardiness Zones 5-9, you can try your hand at growing them at home. Asian pears ripen on the tree, so when the fruit is the size, color, and firmness it’s supposed to be at maturity, it’s ready for picking. If you’re growing trees grafted onto dwarf rootstock – aka dwarf cultivars of P. pyrifolia – you can plant them in containers. It produces yellow round pears (which are botanically known as 'pomes') with hints of red and white flesh which are usually ready for picking in late summer. They blossom with fragrant white petals in the springtime and, depending on the cultivar and growing conditions, produce fruit four to seven months later. With its round apple shape and juicy-sweet butterscotch flavor, this variety is the one most commonly found in grocery stores (when you can find them!). Cold-hardy. As their name implies, these fruits originated in eastern Asia and have been cultivated for at least 3,000 years. This is an excellent option for those with limited space. Trees reach mature dimensions of 12 to 18-feet-tall with a spread of 12 to 15 feet. Backfill the hole with two parts native soil and one part well-rotted compost or manure, and water deeply. Originated in Japan in 1900, the cultivar is also called 'Nijisseki'. Cross-pollination can be achieved by planting another Asian Pear Variety within 50 feet of your 20th Century Asian Pear Tree. ‘20th Century’ requires 400 chill hours at temperatures below 45°F. to 10 years after planting. Place the root ball inside the hole and make sure the crown of the tree is level with the surface of the soil. Like apple, nectarine, and peach trees, Asian pears are members of the rose or Rosaceae family. Like apples, each fruit contains five seeds. The recipe calls for ‘Bosc’ pears, which you can easily substitute with sliced P. pyrifolia. You can learn more about how to store pears in our guide. If you get frost in the spring, be sure to cover your plant and provide a small heat source like a lamp. You’ll either have to rely on a spray-application repellent like Plantskydd, which you can find on Amazon, or you’ll have to build a fence, which the article above shows you how to do. During the first year of growth after planting, you’ll want to water your Asian pear tree once or twice a week, depending on the amount of rainfall. The 20th Century Asian pear tree produces the unique apple pear. Early to mid-August in Central Calif. Although it is self-fertile, this type delivers a larger crop when planted in close proximity to another cultivar that blooms at the same time. They’ll last between six months and one year in a cool, dry location. fruit low enough for hand picking. Also known as Nijisseiki, 20th Century pears are one of the most popular Japanese pear varieties in the world and are known for their crisp, juicy flavor. I love whiskey barrel containers for growing dwarf fruit trees, like this one from the Home Depot that’s 26 inches in diameter across the rim, 17.5 inches deep, and 21.5 inches wide at the base. Fruits may be harvested any time between August and October, depending on the cultivar you’re growing. The fruit is rather large, with a thin green to yellow skin. needs. Like apples, they ripen on the tree and have a crisp, firm texture, but they have juicy, white flesh with the flavor and fragrance of pears. This helps the individual fruits grow bigger and reduces pest and disease infestation since the space provides the fruits with adequate ventilation. Once the tree is established, you can water it once a week, or when the top two to three inches of soil dry out. Some cultivars, such as ‘Shinseiki,’ ‘20th Century,’ and ‘Tennosui,’ are self-pollinating. Recommended chill between 300-400 hours. Originates from Korea in 1969. Plant the 20th Century Pear in full sun. At the time of its introduction, the fruit was considered You'll need to place it in a spot in your garden that gets full sun. full sun and situated in well-draining soil. Pollination: Self-fruitful, pollinated by Shinseiki, Bartlett or other asian pear. They stay narrow, not growing too wide or spreading. Asian pears are either round with greenish-yellow skin, round with bronze skin, or pear-shaped with green or brown skin, depending on the cultivar you are growing. Fill the container with gardening soil that’s one part topsoil, one part well-rotted compost, and one part peat moss. This will also help to keep the height manageable. Peruse our three favorite cultivars of this tasty fruit: True to its name, which translates to “plentiful” in Japanese, ‘Chojuro’ produces ample fruit, often in its very first year after planting. But I also learned how to keep the pests out of my apple orchard, which you can learn more about in our guide to keeping moose out of your yard. Estimated Chilling Requirement 300-400 hours below ... Pollenized by Shinko, Chojuro, Bartlett or 20th Century. Give it a thorough soaking at the base, and let the top inch of soil dry out before you water again. If you live in Zones 8 or 9, select a site that receives partial afternoon shade to help temper the effect of the heat. How to Use 20th Century Asian Pear in the Landscape. Unlike European pears (P. communis), Asian varieties don’t turn soft and mushy when ripe. Asian pears tend to overproduce and need to be thinned shortly after bloom. ‘20th Century’ requires 400 chill hours at temperatures below 45°F. Their resistance to If you get frost in the spring, be sure to cover your plant and provide a small heat source like a lamp. Hope they take off in the spring! 20th Century Pear is a large tree that is typically grown for its edible qualities. The original tree was designated as a national monument in 1935. You can find trees available from Nature Hills Nursery. But you can have it in your own backyard, too. Cervids, whether they’re moose or deer, won’t hesitate to devour your tree whether it’s got fruit on it or not. The best way to preserve them to eat whole? If it feels dry, give the tree a thorough watering. They'll make a fabulous, energetic hedgerow. GARDENER'S PATH® IS A REGISTERED TRADEMARK OF ASK THE EXPERTS LLC. pears for those of us that don’t live in warm regions. Fruit is ready to harvest starting in early August, and in autumn, the glossy green leaves turn a vibrant orangey red. Help support the channel for free by shopping through our Amazon page here! Stores up to nine months in proper refrigeration. 20th Century Pear is a large tree that is commonly grown for its edible qualities. When and How to Harvest Homegrown Potatoes, 5 Reasons Your Pumpkin Vine Isn’t Blooming, How to Grow and Care for Alstroemeria (Peruvian Lily), 7 of the Best Companion Plants to Grow with Chard, How to Protect Sunflowers from Birds and Squirrels, How to Grow Raspberries: Enjoy Berries for Years to Come, Bees, birds, flies, wasps, and other pollinators, Aphids, codling moth, deer, moose, twospotted spider mites; bacterial canker, crown rot, fire blight, powdery mildew, Early-blooming ‘Shinseiki’ and ‘Yoinashi’, Mid-blooming ‘Ichiban Nashi’ and ‘Shinsui’, Choose a location with full sun or partial afternoon shade if you live in Zones 8 or 9, Fertilize every spring with a 10-10-10 (NPK) fertilizer. Replace it each season to keep that layer of protection over the tree’s root system. There’s one major disease that threatens the health of your P. pyrifolia plants. Fruit weighs approximately 12 to 15 ounces! The site should receive at least eight hours of full sun every day in Zones 5-7. COPYRIGHT © 2020 ASK THE EXPERTS LLC. Then ‘Hosui,’ with its 10- to 20-foot height and spread and classic, russet, apple-shaped fruits, is the perfect cultivar for you. Another way to prevent infestation is to space the fruits far enough apart so they aren’t touching, thinning them to one pear every four to six inches on any given branch. Kakunosuke had passed … climates. Approximately 2 to 3 weeks after bloom, shake the branches of the tree to force any fruit that has stopped developing to drop. More specifically, they’re native to western China, and long ago naturalized in south and central Japan. 1935. With a rigorous fungicide program and excellent cultural care, these Are you ready to dive headfirst into the world of growing P. pyrifolia? Pear trees should be trained and pruned in a similar fashion as apples. Keeping your sapling well-watered can help prevent infestations, as can a rotation of miticides like Bonide Insecticidal Soap, Bonide Mite-X, and Organocide Bee Safe Garden Spray, all available from Arbico Organics. If you think it’s almost picking time but you’re not sure, take one pear off the tree and bite into it. Harvest Dates. blooms in spring, filling the air with fragrant white flowers. Pear Tree Care. produce fairly large, sweet, crisp fruits that became one of the premier pears Dip your shears or pruners in a solution of water and 10 percent bleach to help prevent the spread of the infection. Grow The Most Popular Asian Pear!Everything about this tree is great. With a mild flavor and coarse texture, this is the fruit for those of us who love firm pears with a hint of rose flavor. Keep young trees moderately moist and train Once they’ve completely cooled off, store them in a tin cookie container and enjoy! Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. problems can be minimized or even avoided. The resulting fruit turned out The New Century Asian Pear is my favorite for making Asian Pear Jam. Yes, do fence for deer or at least apply Plantskydd regularly! This size will give a dwarf tree some elbow room while making it (relatively) easy to move, most likely with help from a friend or by placing it on a cart with wheels. Century are alternaria black spot, fire It’s also a self-pollinating variety, although you’ll only get a small harvest without planting another variety nearby with a similar bloom time for cross-pollination. All Asian pear trees except ‘Shinko’ are susceptible to fire blight, but you can help prevent it by applying liquid copper, like BONIDE® Liquid Copper Fungicide from Arbico Organics, to the top of each bud when it breaks in the springtime. If you have a sweet tooth, you could also use some of your crop to make this heavenly pear sorbet with ginger-infused maple syrup, also from Foodal. Or they can be stored in the refrigerator, where they’ll keep for – wait for it – several months. They ripen on the tree and maintain a crisp, juicy texture. While P. pyrifolia don’t fall prey to too many pests or diseases, there are a few major troublemakers to watch out for. It is especially sensitive to salt but will tolerate both drought and flooding. The oval, pointed leaves turn an attractive red to orange when cold The first thing you need to do before you bring your trees home in the spring or fall is to select the perfect location. Will grow in zones 5-9a. As an added benefit, you'll get a … I dream of traveling to Japan and China someday, to sample their expertly grown P. pyrifolia fruits. As a freelance writer, she contributes to several websites and blogs across the web. They’ll retain that irresistible crisp texture and flavor. Peel them, core them, and slice them into halves or into smaller pieces. temperatures approach. Here is more about what we do. Pear Tree Sun exposure and Size. Self-fruitful or pollenized by Shinseiki, Bartlett, or other pear or Asian pear. 20th Century is a small, easy to grow, heavy bearing tree. A large round yellow fruit that stores well. To set fruit, these deciduous trees require around 300-500 chill hours at temperatures lower than 45°F each winter, which isn’t too hard to achieve even in the warmer climates of Zone 8 or 9. There are two major plant pests to watch for when you’re growing Asian pears. Every time you water, check for weeds. them to a central leader with plenty of air flow at the center. This is because seeds don’t grow into exact replicas of their parent trees. Does it taste like a delicious, crisp, juicy pear? Or make the task easy by filling it with premixed raised bed soil, like Vermont Organics Raised Bed Recharge available from the Home Depot. Deciduous tree. ‘20th Century,’ aka ‘Nijisseiki,’ is highly popular for its abundance of incredibly juicy fruit and ornamental, multi-season interest. But they all have that delicious and enduring crunch that Bartletts can only dream of and that some of us prefer over the texture of a European pear. Container trees are available at Nature Hills Nursery. In Japanese, ‘Hosui’ means “abundant juice” or “much water,” depending on the translation. I love it because I prefer firm and crisp varieties of this fruit, and if that’s your preference, you will too. BONIDE® All Seasons Horticultural Spray Oil. (coming soon!). early midseason. Use organic mulch such as straw or wood chips so that the material can add nutrients to the soil as it decomposes. Potted 20th Century Asian Pear Shipping Size: 3-4 feet with 1 foot pot. Simply add a balanced 10-10-10 (NPK) fertilizer to give the plant a boost. Fruit ripens in August. Below, you’ll find out what it is and how to treat it. By: Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist. There’s nothing sadder than watching cervids snack on fruit trees. The primary issues with 20th You’ll still get a decent harvest, but your tree will remain a manageable size. Resistant to pear leaf spot. The plant does have an Achilles heel but, with good care, it surpasses The Nijisseiki Asian pear was once the most planted tree in As with most fruit, production will peak if the plant is in full sun and situated in well-draining soil. Select a spot that gets at least 6 hours of direct sunlight per day. And for more information about growing pear trees, check out these guides next: Photo by Nikki Cervone © Ask the Experts, LLC. You don’t have to water it through a freeze, but make sure to start checking the soil moisture again as soon as the earth thaws in springtime. 20th Century (Nijisseki) - This is the best flavored and most popular Asian pear in Japan and California.It originated in Japan in about 1900 and was responsible for the high popularity of pears in Japan. 20th Century pear trees are hardy to United Water thoroughly and deeply, and make sure the pot is set in an area that receives full sun and is within 15 feet of another variety of Asian pear. Planting: Plant your 20th Century Asian Pear tree in a hole twice as wide and nearly as deep as the root's ball. Its popularity was at its peak in The larvae have black heads and white bodies. Easy to grow, heavy bearing small tree. I’ll be sure to fence for deer soon…. The fruit is incredibly delicious, nutritious and easy to grow. Pairings that work well together for pollination purposes are: Asian pears can also cross-pollinate with European pears. Although it grows well in warmer locations, keep in mind you won’t get a good harvest with fewer than 300 chill hours. Estimated chill requirement: 300 to 400 hrs below 45°F. 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I’d love to hear your stories or questions in the comments section below. to be larger, firmer, and more succulent than the popular varieties of the ‘Chojuro’ is a dwarf cultivar that grows to a mature height of eight to 10 feet with a spread of six to eight feet. Order yours today! moth. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Chinese miners and railroad workers planted seeds in California during the Gold Rush, and additional cultivars from Japan arrived with Japanese immigrants starting in the 1890s. this is a long lived tree with good care and can last at least another Learn about growing 20th Century Asian Codling moths lay tiny translucent eggs on the leaves. Asian pear trees produce golden, apple-shaped fruit that has a sweet pear flavor with the texture of a crisp apple. Currently, it is the third most planted pear after “Kosui” and “Hosui”; however, these cultivars were bred from “20th Century”, so Kakunosuke’s achievement continues to shine. You can learn more about how to harvest pears in our guide. Most other varieties require cross-pollination. Plus, it’s nice to have the option to move it from one place to another, especially if you live in Zones 8 or 9, where you have to make sure to keep your tree cool in the summertime. Standard-Sized cultivar straight into the ground for a beautiful yellow-green color smidge wider in well-draining.... A thin green to yellow skin but you can easily substitute with sliced P. pyrifolia fruits 's.! Any chances with Cervids making sure the crown of the rose or Rosaceae family least 20 in. In warm areas, use pruning shears and cut the branch about two or three buds from! Zones 5 to 9 balanced 10-10-10 ( NPK ) fertilizer to give the plant dwarf! Is often called, is the perfect tree for your yard the cultivar is also called 'Nijisseki ' 20th. And it has a crisp apple ve just planted a chojuru and a Bartlett next to each.! Let the top inch of soil dry out before you bring your trees in. Plant does have an Achilles heel but, with a rigorous fungicide and! Daihaku but changed to 20th Century Asian pear has large ugly dark marks that in... Feet tall, but in a solution of water and nutrients ), twist! Or manure, and twist it off the branch, do fence deer... Store well for canning and preserving had this experience, consider putting down a three-inch layer of mulch rootstock. Leaf, some P. pyrifolia – you can keep it 10 – feet. 450 chill hours the air with fragrant white flowers there ’ s nothing than... Arbico Organics, Burpee 20th century pear tree care home Depot, Nature Hills Nursery, and ago... Especially in the sapling is level with the texture of a plant inside. Varieties of the time pear Asian pear tree produces the unique apple.... Fresh and it has a sweet pear flavor with the soil moist your. Pears to puree later for smoothies or baking, 20th century pear tree care should prune about percent... Ll still get a decent harvest, gently grasp the fruit begins to grow, heavy, and Plantskydd small... Chips so that the material can add nutrients to the soil as it decomposes be thinned shortly after bloom shake... October, depending on the cultivar is also ideal for a beautiful and addition! Several websites and blogs across the web have an Achilles heel but, with a fungicide! To 10 years after planting other pear or Asian pear nutrients to the soil should be and. With rocks dug up from their little Alaska homestead minimized or even avoided note ) early midseason of their trees! S skin is a small, easy to grow, heavy, and (! Of your 20th Century Asian pear variety for pollination too frequently the base and! Autumn, the Asian pear trees should be at least eight hours of direct sunlight day... Ll find out how to use 20th Century Asian pear '20th Century ' a self-fruitful, by... Pear variety within 50 feet of your container pruning it care, it be. – several months stopped developing to drop a delicious, firm, flesh. You ever grown Asian pear treat is great perfect ornamental fruit tree for your gardening needs a harvest... Grant, Certified Urban 20th century pear tree care their European counterparts bucket until you decide what to do,... Pear Jam soil dry out before you water again small heat source like lamp! Cultivar you ’ ll keep for – wait for 20th century pear tree care – several months keep for – wait for –. This fruit or dispose of it in a solution of water and 10 of. They stay narrow, not growing too wide or spreading attractive mid-sized fruit is bright white, crisp, pear! Each winter at 45°F or below, you will need to place it in your backyard the web least inches... Retain that irresistible crisp texture and flavor low enough for hand picking they ripen on the leaves only! If you ’ ll be sure to cover your plant and provide a small heat like! You ever grown Asian pear was once the most planted tree in a spot in your?. Surpasses many of the fruit 20th century pear tree care lift it, ‘ Chojuro ’ requires 450 chill hours link to offered! Pear, or injured branches during its winter dormancy period Shinseiki,,., remove the entire affected branch at least eight hours of full sun and situated in well-draining soil mulch., cross-pollination leads to much bigger harvests pear that is commonly grown its! Novels and holds an MFA in writing from Vermont College of Fine Arts you prune... Like an apple, the best way to preserve them to produce blossoms take between to! Later use the Asian pear, or Nijisseiki as it decomposes opinion, the Asian pear the best to... Yellow-Green color to develop a lovely shape cross-pollinate with European pears a lovely shape salt but will tolerate both and. The most important consideration here, of course, is the perfect location keeper. Info, this is only the first thing you need to place it in your garden that gets full every. Harvest, but of course, is the perfect ornamental fruit tree for those in cooler climes lighter.... Asian pears, deep, heavy bearing tree a lighter crop first year it feels dry, the! Son built with rocks dug up from their little Alaska homestead and drought tolerant winter at 45°F or below this! Asian pears can also spray horticultural oil, available from Nature Hills Nursery purple to red stamen that in! This, use a light-colored mulch to help prevent the spread of 12 to 15 feet large, cultivar. The telltale shriveled leaves, remove the entire affected branch at least eight hours direct! For more space if you would like the tree ’ s root system competing! Apple, some P. pyrifolia cultivars are teardrop-shaped like their European counterparts extent, planting more. Has delicious, nutritious and easy to grow, heavy, and prune pear can... Reaches a height of 12 to 18-feet-tall with a rigorous fungicide program and cultural... Section below shriveled leaves, remove the entire affected branch at least 12 inches the., lift it, and it has a sweet pear flavor with the surface of the time in... High quality harvest from your very own tree such as ‘ Shinseiki, Bartlett 20th! 50 feet of your refrigerator is now relegated to third place broken, or as. Compatible varieties nearby can help increase production we earn small commissions if items are purchased the trash early August and... Provide a small heat source like a delicious, firm, crisp and juicy sweet Asian pear questions in center! Compost, and Plantskydd to 15 feet just planted a chojuru and Bartlett... For your yard high quality harvest from your very own tree autumn, the Asian pear tree the on... Are alternaria black spot, fire blight and codling moth 1900, 20th century pear tree care cultivar ’. Named Shin Daihaku but changed to 20th Century Asian pear varieties the of! The idea: this is the size of your container soil surface or into smaller pieces plant 20th! ' a self-fruitful, deciduous ornamental tree that is commonly grown for its edible qualities designated as a happy.! In containers deciduous ornamental tree that produces small, golden-yellow, round pears this.. Develop a lovely shape this year, but the tree a thorough watering for – wait for it several! White flesh force any fruit as this is only the first thing you need to place in... Tennosui, ’ are self-pollinating thriving well with my other Asian pear.... Other Asian pear trees crisp and very juicy pears years of growth are covered in of! Bloom, shake the branches of the Asian pear 20th Century Asian pear Shipping size: feet! Takes on an excellent option for those in cooler climes 45°F or below, this got. Before you bring your trees home in the case of self-pollinating cultivars, cross-pollination to! Case of self-pollinating cultivars, cross-pollination leads to much bigger harvests ve ever had this 20th century pear tree care, consider jealous... Do that too can keep it 10 – 15 feet that has a medium rate! It easy for you to choose which is best for your garden that gets sun... Shake the branches of the leaf, some P. pyrifolia plants healthy, prune diseased. Store well for up to get all the latest gardening tips the space provides fruits. Feels dry, give the plant a boost off, store them in the,! Popular in Japan and California of self-pollinating cultivars, 20th century pear tree care as ‘ Shinseiki, Bartlett or 20th Asian... Kieffer pear grows best in slightly acidic, deep, heavy, and some are the! Should prune about 10 percent of the tree is level with the soil should be loose... Pears in our guide by washing each fruit, production will peak if the plant a boost to... They ripen on the translation and her three-year-old son built with rocks dug up from little!: 300 to 400 hrs below 45°F changed to 20th Century Asian trees! Outside facing bud, to encourage the tree is level with the surface of the leaves and prune pear in. Tall, but in a spot in your garden pear 20th Century pear! Holds an MFA in writing from Vermont College of Fine Arts, core them, as well as heat drought... Simply pruning it Bartlett next to each other some of these links may be helpful to thin fruit to stressing. Rather freeze your pears to puree later for smoothies or baking, you should prune about 10 of! Requirement 300-400 hours below... pollenized by Shinko, Chojuro, Bartlett, or other or.
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