LAKE CHARLES, La. Nuisance Wildlife Control. However, increased tourism and shipping ports, along with greater accessibility from South America, have facilitated the introduction of many non-native species to the state, like the invasive and destructive apple snail. Mechanical or physical methods entail removing the snails by hand or with various types of equipment. That bright pink “bubblegum” you may see clinging to cypress knees along the banks of bayous and creeks is a sign the highly invasive apple snail has … NARO Kyushu Okinawa Agricultural Research Center, Suya 2421, Koshi, Kumamoto 861-1192, Japan. She is a graduate of Seattle University, where she was a reporter and anchor at her school's station. Like all invasive species, applesnails have the potential to compete with native species for limited resources. Rania Kaur joined KPLC in October 2019 as a reporter. Todd graduated from The Ohio State University with a Bachelor of Science degree in Environment & Natural Resource Management, specializing in Fisheries & Wildlife Science. California's Invaders: Channeled Apple Snail. Apple snail (Pomacea canaliculata, Pomacea bridgesi, Pomacea paludosa, and Pila conica) Ampullariidae Description: Freshwater snail with a rounded, yellowish to dark brown shell. The apple snails were discovered by the Cambodia-IRRI-Australia Project (CIAP) in Svay Rieng in August 1995, through a farmer who purchased the snails from Phnom Penh and raised them in clay pots. The best studied Pomacea species is the channeled apple snail, P. canaliculata, which is classified as one of the 100 “World’s Worst” invaders by the Global Invasive Species Database. Invasive species have few or no natural predators and often destroy entire ecosystems by competing with native species, outgrowing their habitat and decreasing the biodiversity of surrounding life. Flickr/Ravenblack7575 Apple snails are popular among aquarium enthusiasts due to their decorative shells and rapid growth rates. RISKS/IMPACTS: Invasive applesnails can spread rapidly from agricultural areas into wetlands and other natural freshwater systems where it may have a serious impact. Invasive apple snails have also altered macrophyte community structure in natural and managed wetlands through selective herbivory and certain apple snail species can potentially shift the balance of freshwater ecosystems from clear water (macrophyte dominated) to turbid (plankton dominated) states by depleting densities of native aquatic plants. A study led by biologists from Hong Kong Baptist University (HKBU) has discovered that the apple snails have evolved to achieve broad environmental adaptability. The South American apple snail first appeared in large numbers in 2010, according to Audubon Florida science coordinator Paul Gray, and was initially seen as a potential … When applied properly by a licensed professional, molluscicides are a safe and effective strategy for targeting invasive apple snails without affecting plants, insects and other aquatic life in the ecosystem. (Image of Applesnail via San Antonio River Authority) (KSAT) SAN ANTONIO – Giant apple snails are an invasive species to Texas and officials with Texas Parks and Wildlife are now asking anyone … hbspt.cta._relativeUrls=true;hbspt.cta.load(227988, '990208f1-e14f-45a1-849e-26e3dc134380', {}); hbspt.cta._relativeUrls=true;hbspt.cta.load(227988, '7b6b368f-98f8-43f5-af8d-3c549e5f425e', {}); Contact the experts at 888-480-LAKE (5253) for all of your lake, pond, wetland and fisheries management needs. Apply beneficial bacteria and phoslock to help remediate excess nutrients, which are responsible for fueling nuisance and invasive aquatic plant species. Distribution: Applesnails have established populations in the following sub-watersheds: Austin-Oyster, Buffalo-San Jacinto, Lower Angelina, Lower Brazos, Lower Trinity, Lower West Fork Trinity, South Laguna Madre, Spring, West Galveston Bay and were recently found in Lake Sam Rayburn. An aquatic gastropod mollusc in the Ampullariidae family. “I’m able to come out here in my extra time and get the children involved.”. Common name of its synonymous name Pomacea insularum is the island applesnail. doi: 10.1016/j.cbpa.2010.12.012 The Channeled Apple Snail is a large invasive species of freshwater snail. As a result of their introduction to non-native regions, apple snails have also become a serious threat to regional crop production; they’ve had deleterious effects on rice crop production throughout Asia and the taro industry in Hawaii. The Channeled Apple Snail, Pomacea canaliculata, is a freshwater snail widely distributed in lakes, ponds and swamps throughout its native range of the Amazon Inferior Basin and the Plata Basin.This amphibious animal remains submerged during the day, hidden in vegetation near the surface. RISKS/IMPACTS: Invasive applesnails can spread rapidly from agricultural areas into wetlands and other natural freshwater systems where it may have a serious impact. Pomacea maculata (Perry) (Giant Apple Snail) is a freshwater snail native to South America (Hayes et al. Take the state of Florida, for instance. Low, L. and Anderson, C.J., 2017. According to the LSU AgCenter… 2000). Early identification seems to be the trick. CIAP As with the application of traditional herbicides and algaecides, which target plant and algae growth, molluscicides are safe when used properly. Limpkins live in wetlands in a great deal of Central and … FWC recommends that captive snails not be released in the wild. They have damaged rice crops in Hawaii, so farmers and scientists are working together to make sure they don't damage Texas rice crops. Mechanical services also extend to hydro-raking and harvesting, which can be used to remove large amounts of invasive aquatic plant species or restore large amounts of water or wetland. All species were accidentally or intentionally introduced to North American waterways. Mating and egg laying for both island and Florida applesnails start in March, and can continue through October. It is considered as about the 58th the worst alien species in Europe. It is the only reported case in Calcasieu Parish. Can reach the size of an apple, but in Hawaii they tend to be slightly smaller than a golfball. Channeled apple snails (CAS) are large, freshwater snails that grow to over 3 inches in length. An apple snail lays a cluster of bright pink eggs. It has large impacts on aquatic ecosystems as a consumer of vegetation and is among the few aquatic snail vectors of the zoonotic nematode, rat lungworm ( Angiostrongylus cantonensis ) [9] . The invasive apple snail Pomacea canaliculata is known as an omnivorous species, but there are only few reports of its predation. Native to South America. Once an invader takes hold in a new ecosystem, it can be extremely difficult to eradicate the species. Now, they are threatening the agricultural industry in the southern US. Sharing educational articles in community newsletters or holding public forums about the dangers of invasive species is a great first step to expand public knowledge about the issue. 2011; 158: 506–512. The introduced island applesnail primarily eats rooted aquatic vegetation, while the native Florida applesnail feeds heavily on periphyton, a complex mixture of algae, cyanobacteria, heterotrophic microbes, and detritus attached to submerged surfaces in most aquatic ecosystems. 2015) that is an invasive species in the freshwater wetlands and waterways of the northern Gulf of Mexico, peninsular Florida (Benson 2017, Burks 2017) and globally (Hayes et al. Invasive apple snails cause significant damage to rice crops in Asia and potential for similar economic impacts in Texas is a major concern. The bright pink is a warning color—the eggs contain a mild toxin that protects them from predators. (KPLC) - Apple snails - a non-native, invasive species of snail brought to the United States by pet trade - have been found in 29 parishes across Louisiana, including Cameron and Calcasieu. Host community bulb plantings around lakes and stormwater ponds to encourage the growth of beneficial vegetative buffers comprised of native grasses and flowering plants. Invasive species can wreak havoc on an ecosystem, as well as a region’s economy. The picture shows an apple snail and its eggs attached to a plant. He has extensive experience restoring struggling waterbodies and working with city entities to develop comprehensive management plans. The threat of a nonnative, invasive apple snail to oligohaline marshes along the northern Gulf of Mexico.Aquatic invasive species continue to be a persistent ecological problem. It is more active during the night, and leaves the water in search for fresh vegetation. The channeled apple snail is listed as one of the 100 of the World’s Worst Invasive Species (Lowe et al. Devin Moses found apple snails on her property last year. The invasive Apple Snails also produce a greater number of eggs, which are deposited in masses on plant stems, where they resemble wads of bubble gum. UTRGV professor seeking “snail busters” to fight spread of invasive Apple snail Recently published research by Dr. Kathryn Perez (at left), assistant professor of biology at UTRGV, and her student, Victoria Garcia Gamboa, who graduated in 2016, confirms the existence of an invasive species of freshwater snail – Pomacea maculate, or Apple snail– in the Rio Grande Valley. The South American apple snail first appeared in large numbers in 2010, according to Audubon Florida science coordinator Paul Gray, and was initially seen as … Topics: This is a labor intensive and time consuming option, but has virtually no adverse effect on the rest of the ecosystem. Officials with the Ascension Parish Sheriff’s Office say they have arrested a man in connection with a shooting that happened in the parish on Nov. 20. Pomacea maculata is a species of large freshwater snail with an operculum, an aquatic gastropod mollusk in the family Ampullariidae, the apple snails. Apple snails were also introduced to other areas of the globe by the escargot industry. Obviously prevention is the best policy. Golden apple snail (Pomacea canaliculata) PHOTO: ST FILE Classified as a pest, the golden apple snail originally from South America is among the top 100 of the world's most invasive species. Florida is the northern edge of their range. The spread of invasive species and the associated risks to our local ecosystems will continue to increase as the world becomes more interconnected, but these situations are not inevitable or permanent. Pomacea canaliculata, commonly known as the golden apple snail or the channeled apple snail, is a species of large freshwater snail with gills and an operculum, an aquatic gastropod mollusc in the family Ampullariidae, the apple snails.South American in origin, this species is considered to be in the top 100 of the "World's Worst Invasive Alien Species". Invasive apple snails mature quickly, reaching sexual maturity with 60 to 80 days. By Zachary Fagenson MIAMI (Reuters) - Florida wildlife and water managers are worried about an invasive snail that is wreaking havoc on the state's billion-dollar effort to remove chemicals from the fragile Everglades. Scott Lamprecht, a SCDNR regional coordinator for the fisheries section was first contacted on May 5, 2008 concerning some large snails in the pond near Socastee. The invasive Apple Snails also produce a greater number of eggs, which are deposited in masses on plant stems, where they resemble wads of bubble gum. in 2006 and quickly infested ponds, bayous and streams in about 30 parishes. “The amount of money to control these things on a statewide scale is way more than we have currently,” said Sean Kinney, biologist manager of the Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries’ inland fisheries division. common name: applesnails of Florida scientific name: Pomacea spp. Todd graduated from The Ohio State University with a Bachelor of Science degree in Environment & Natural Resource Management, specializing in Fisheries & Wildlife Science. Native Origin: South America U.S. Strategically-placed screens and barriers in water inflows and outflows can help block invasive species migrations to new areas and congregate existing population for more streamlined removal. Together with Pomacea canaliculata it is the most invasive species of the family Ampullariidae. A recent study has shown that only one species (Pomacea canaliculata) is present in the New Territories, yet it is not present in Hong Kong Island nor Lantau Island, the two largest islands with streams and abandoned rice paddies. Eggs are laid on hard vertical surfaces near but above water surfaces and incubate for 1 to 2 weeks, at which point the newly hatched young snails fall into the water. California's Invaders: Channeled Apple Snail. These two snail species feed on all types of aquatic plants. All rights reserved. Question: What are some ways to address the problem of invasive apple snails in the United States? Therefore, the most effective management practices must begin with educational outreach and prevention. Variations in size, color and egg characteristics can make identifying exotic species difficult. Introduce aeration systems in local waterbodies to help circulate the water and improve desirable dissolved oxygen levels. The threat of a nonnative, invasive apple snail to oligohaline marshes along the northern Gulf of Mexico.Aquatic invasive species continue to be a persistent ecological problem. Apple snails are a large, freshwater species that are part of the family Ampullariidae. by: Several species of apple snails are invasive pests in many parts of Europe, Asia, and North and South America. Copyright 2019 KPLC. Management of these species requires understanding of their impact and the conditions favorable for their occurrence. "It affects not only the habitat for fish to live in but also affects the quality of the habitat.”. There, the garden snail is even a predator of the eggs of invasive slugs and is not considered problematic. Invasive snails include a variety of gastropods invasive to areas of North America. Kinney advises residents to get rid of the snails. Solutions to Invasive Apple Snails ; Solutions to Invasive Apple Snails . Apple snails, in the family Ampullariidae, are invasive species that cause serious damage to crops and agriculture around the world. These freshwater snails are also amphibious, meaning they can survive seasonally in both terrestrial and aquatic environments, including lakes, ponds and wetlands. (KPLC) - Apple snails - a non-native, invasive species of snail brought to the United States by pet trade - have been found in 29 … Introduction. SOLitude Lake Management is an environmental firm committed to providing full-service solutions that improve. The South American apple snail first appeared in large numbers in 2010, according to Audubon Florida science coordinator Paul Gray, and was initially seen as … While invasive species management is possible, it can be extremely difficult, expensive and time consuming. Survival, growth and reproduction of the invasive apple snail Pomacea canaliculata in an irrigation canal in southern Japan Kazuhiro Yoshida, Kazuhiro Yoshida 1. The research findings were published in the international journal Molecular Biology Invasive apple snails — sometimes called giant, golden or channeled apple snails — are native to South America but have been introduced into many regions. The delicate wetlands and aquatic ecosystems in the region are known for their unique diversity. Answer: The market is kind of reacting to this problem. Another name for the snail is the Golden Apple Snail. Submerged aquatic vegetation on the lease — key forage for ducks — was practically non-existent by the time the season started, as well. When introduced to non-native areas, they can rapidly alter the ecological makeup of aquatic ecosystems due to their aggressive feeding style and rapid growth rate. However, several management options for the removal of apple snails have proven effective. Mechanical solutions can help set the clock back on an aquatic ecosystem by removing excess nutrients and improving the poor water quality conditions that tend to encourage undesirable invasive species growth. Although damage to rice crops in Texas has not yet been documented, some rice farmers have experienced increased levee maintenance costs due to the constant burrowing by snails. Aquatic Invasive Species: Channeled Apple Snail (Jun 2005) (PDF | 136 KB) Indiana Department of Natural Resources. The people who brought the snails saw them as a new and inexpensive source of protein for poor 1 of 2. Apple snails, in the family Ampullariidae, are invasive species that cause serious damage to crops and agriculture around the world. An aquatic gastropod mollusc in the Ampullariidae family. When a species native to one region is introduced to another, it is considered invasive. Furthermore, this snail has gills and an operculum. Lives in tropical areas, in slow-moving fresh water including rice and taro growing areas, ponds, ditches, wetlands and slow-moving streams. Jun 07, 2018. The research findings were published in the international journal Molecular Biology Search for … The snail is an invasive species that's causing trouble in Louisiana wetlands and farms. 844 Government StreetBaton Rouge, LA 70802(225) 383-9999. Unfortunately, irresponsible aquarium dumping and careless trading have allowed the species to infiltrate new ecosystems. is a Fisheries and Wildlife Scientist who joined the SOLitude team in 2016. The culprits in both cases were apple snails, an invasive species that arrived in Louisiana about 10 years ago and readily consumes aquatic plants. While it’s not fully known how apple snails originally entered the United States, one theory is that the aquarium trade industry is responsible for their introduction. See also: Invasive Species for exotic animal and plant pests invading Indiana, causing economic and visual damage . Invasive apple snails in Louisiana also demonstrated the inclination and ability to sustain travel for at least 3h over dry land, at a rate of 2 m/h. They have an unusual gill and lung adaptation, which they utilize during their reproductive cycles. 2007) Means of Introduction: Apple snails in the genus Pomacea (Ampullariidae) invaded Hong Kong in the early 1980s. Invasive Apple snails removed from Red Mountain Lake The Arizona Game and Fish Department (Department) conducted an invasive Apple Snail removal at Red Mountain Lake on November 15, 2016. They also may have been accidentally introduced and subsequently distributed via the nursery trade as eggs or small juveniles attached to aquatic plants. POMACEA CANALICULATA, P. BRIDGESI, P. PALUDOSA, AND PILA CONICA (Apple Snails) Description: Attain sizes slightly smaller than golfballs, with shell colors ranging from yellow to brown Native Range: South America Introduction: Initially introduced as food crops but aquarium release may also be responsible for invasion. The South American apple snail first appeared in large numbers in 2010, according to Audubon Florida science coordinator Paul Gray, and was initially seen as a potential … He has extensive experience restoring struggling waterbodies and working with city entities to develop comprehensive management plans. Native To: South America ( Sherley 2000) Date of U.S. Introduction: Introduced to Hawaii in 1989 and California in 1997 ( Sherley 2000; Rawlings et al. Invasive Apple snails removed from Red Mountain Lake The Arizona Game and Fish Department (Department) conducted an invasive Apple Snail removal at Red Mountain Lake on November 15, 2016. Lives in tropical areas, in slow-moving fresh water including rice and taro growing areas, ponds, […] He manages lakes and ponds throughout southern Florida with a large focus on enhancing the biological health and dynamics of the aquatic ecosystem. All Rights Reserved. The garden snail is becoming a pest in many parts of the world. ), commonly known to Cambodian farmers as “khyorng yuonto,” belong to the family Ampullariidae. Description: Freshwater snail with a rounded, yellowish to dark brown shell. Apple snails come from South America. Todd Karg is a Fisheries and Wildlife Scientist who joined the SOLitude team in 2016. However, increased tourism and shipping ports, along with greater accessibility from South America, have facilitated the introduction of many non-native species to the state, like the invasive and destructive apple snail. Pomacea maculata is a species of large freshwater snail with an operculum, an aquatic gastropod mollusk in the family Ampullariidae, the apple snails.. Common name of its synonymous name Pomacea insularum is the island applesnail.. These two snail species feed on all types of aquatic plants. Sustainable solutions to the spreading of invasive species are difficult to find due to the absence of biological information about basic immune mechanisms of the target pests. The bright pink is a warning color—the eggs contain a mild toxin that protects them from predators. Furthermore, this snail has gills and an operculum. The distinct channels along the whorls of the island apple snail. Freshwater invasive apple snails (Pomacea spp. See also: Invasive Species for exotic animal and plant pests invading Indiana, causing economic and visual damage . © 2020 SOLitude Lake Management®. They eat aquatic plants and can damage wetlands and carry parasites that can affect humans. He manages lakes and ponds throughout southern Florida with a large focus on enhancing the biological health and dynamics of the aquatic ecosystem. According to a recent report from the LSU AgCenter, a foreign, invasive species, the apple snail (pomacea maculata), is now negatively impacting two Louisiana staples: crawfish and rice. The apple snail reportedly first appeared in a canal in Gretna, La. “Apple snails eat aquatic vegetation which is a component of the fisheries habitat and they also eat detritus on the bottom," Kinney said. The Texas Parks and Wildlife Department is warning individuals to be on the lookout for the apple snail, an invasive aquatic species. Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol. Scott Lamprecht, a SCDNR regional coordinator for the fisheries section was first contacted on May 5, 2008 concerning some large snails in the pond near Socastee. She also wrote for the school newspaper, The Spectator. SOLitude Lake Management Here, we present evidence of the effects of a commercially available roundworm, Phasmarhabditis hermaphrodita, against the invasive apple snail Pomacea canaliculata. These natives of South America have spread to many other parts of the world, through both deliberate and accidental introductions. The spiked-top apple snail is not a prohibited or restricted invasive animal under the Biosecurity Act 2014.However, by law, everyone has a general biosecurity obligation (GBO) to take reasonable and practical steps to minimise the risks associated with invasive plants and animals under their control. Given that several invasive apple snail species are notorious agricultural pests, the genomic resources from this study can be used to develop effective control … Aquatic Invasive Species: Channeled Apple Snail (Jun 2005) (PDF | 136 KB) Indiana Department of Natural Resources. This is partially due to the tendency of the species to host rat lungworm, a disease that can infect predators and even humans if it is consumed without proper food preparation. Nature's Creatures, They can lay more than 2,000 eggs per mass and can lay new clutches of eggs nearly every 2 weeks. Pomacea canaliculata Five views of a shell of Pomacea canaliculata, Shell diameter 8 cm Conservation status Least Concern Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Mollusca Class: Gastropoda: clade Caenogastropoda informal group Architaenioglossa Superfamily: Ampullarioidea Family: Ampullariidae Genus: Pomacea Subgenus: Pomacea Species: Pomacea canaliculata Pomacea canaliculata, commonly known as the golden apple snail or the channeled apple snail, is a species of lar… Low, L. and Anderson, C.J., 2017. The Channeled Apple Snail is a large invasive species of freshwater snail. In response to seasonal changes in water levels, this adaptation allows them to lay eggs outside of the water column, preventing predation by native aquatic predators. Invasive … A Gray Media Group, Inc. Station - © 2002-2020 Gray Television, Inc. “If you see apple snail eggs, we advise you to knock those into the water and, if you see adult snails, we advise you to kill those by whatever measure you can, whether that’s by crushing them, or removing them from the water, taking care of that.”. Giraud-Billoud M, Abud MA, Cueto JA, Vega IA, Castro-Vazquez A. Uric acid deposits and estivation in the invasive apple-snail, Pomacea canaliculata. Invasive apple snails (locally known as Golden Kuhol) were introduced to the Philippines in the early 1980s. While they are a prized food source in parts of the world, many of these industries did not achieve the success that was expected. Channeled apple snails were also intentionally introduced to the United States for the aquarium trade; they have been developed as a domestic aquarium snail and distributed through pet store sales. But apple snails are also dangerous for marine life.   |   A study led by biologists from Hong Kong Baptist University (HKBU) has discovered that the apple snails have evolved to achieve broad environmental adaptability. An ecosystem is better equipped to withstand and even thwart the introduction of invaders when it has a strong network of natural support. Another name for the snail is the Golden Apple Snail. hbspt.cta._relativeUrls=true;hbspt.cta.load(227988, '591418cb-0f20-41c4-b8cb-655ede50dd79', {}); It’s also important to strengthen the health of the natural ecosystem. Invasive snails, such as the channeled apple snail (Pomacea canaliculata), Chinese mysterysnail (Cipangopaludina chinensis), New Zealand mudsnail (Potamopyrhus antipodarum) and the banded mysterysnail (Viviparus georgianus) are all non-native to North America, besides the latter which is native to eastern and southern Florida. LAKE CHARLES, La. (Gastropoda: Ampullariidae) Introduction - Species Found in Florida - Identification of Applesnails of Florida - Economic Importance of Invasive Species - Management - Selected References Introduction (Back to Top). Apple snails are a large, freshwater species that are part of the family Ampullariidae. As global travel and transport become increasingly accessible, the risk of plant, animal, insect and mollusk relocation becomes greater. It was believed that apple snails would provide an affordable dietary source of protein for many cultures. They came either directly from their native South America or from elsewhere in Asia, perhaps Taiwan, and their first beachhead in Asia. By Zachary Fagenson MIAMI (Reuters) - Florida wildlife and water managers are worried about an invasive snail that is wreaking havoc on the state's billion-dollar effort to remove chemicals from the fragile Everglades. This is your one-stop-shop guide to everything you need to know about the impact of COVID-19. The Garden Snail (Cornu aspersum) This species is also a native of, and common in, Europe. They are voracious and opportunistic, feasting on multiple types of aquatic vegetation and other snail species, which can drastically alter nutrient dynamics in aquatic ecosystems. David Knott of the SCDNR Marine Division was first to affirmatively identify the snail as highly invasive, and he reported that on May 6 there were "lots of P. insularum egg clutches and three snails in one of several ponds”. Apple Snails were first confirmed in Red Mountain Lake in 2015. Click HERE for more information about apple snails. These snails are one of many species that may have been spread as the re… Apple Snails were first confirmed in Red Mountain Lake in 2015. Like all invasive species, applesnails have the potential to compete with native species for limited resources. When introduced to non-native areas, they can rapidly alter the ecological makeup of aquatic ecosystems … It is unknown how many species have been introduced into Hong Kong. Together with Pomacea canaliculata it is the most invasive species of the family Ampullariidae. Their shells have 5 to 6 whorls separated by a deep groove or “channel”. Kinney says the snails are toxic to humans, carrying a parasite known as a rat lungworm. Present: Invasive applesnails have been documented in Florida, Georgia, Alabama, Texas, and Louisiana. If physical and mechanical removal strategies prove unsuccessful, a molluscicide can be utilized. In … This is a serious problem. “It’s frustrating but I feel like it was a blessing that it happened to us almost that way with me being a stay-at-home mom,” Moses said. Can reach the size of an apple, but in Hawaii they tend to be slightly smaller than a golfball. Last year, a crawfish farmer in Acadia Parish had to cut his harvest short as a result of the apple snails. The shell of the snail … POMACEA CANALICULATA, P. BRIDGESI, P. PALUDOSA, AND PILA CONICA (Apple Snails) Description: Attain sizes slightly smaller than golfballs, with shell colors ranging from yellow to brown Native Range: South America Introduction: Initially introduced as food crops but aquarium release may also be responsible for invasion. Was practically non-existent by the time the season started, invasive apple snail well invaded. And egg laying for both island and Florida applesnails start in March and! 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