He sold the secret to anyone who would pay enough, including Wilhelm Leibniz, the inventor of calculus. Channel the phosphorus into water to cool it down. ** Nitrogen promotes leafy growth, phosphorus promotes root development and seed germination. Forms of it are found in DNA, RNA, and all living cell membranes. Red phosphorus, a relatively stable allotrope of phosphorus, has many uses. (And keep them in lightproof paper bags - also supplied - of course.) In rickets, the amount of phosphorus released in urine increases 2-10 times in comparison with the norm. No, I didn't have to FILL them all. White phosphorus can be converted to red phosphorus, as they, plus the black form, are all allotropes of phosphorus. Don't Think Hygge Thoughts, They Are Evil and Unhealthy. Fertilizer, which is a soluble phosphate, is produced by treating phosphate rock with sulphuric acid. o 4 Back in the 17th century, the German chemist Hennig Brandt chose urine to isolate elemental phosphorus. When the phosphate loses its oxygen, it becomes phosphorus, which at high heat is emitted as a gas. Brand capitalized on that — probably to his wife's great relief. You can obtain it by boiling urine with carbon or by reacting bone-ash with sulfuric acid and carbon. His steps to discovering this element were undignified, to say the least. 21 Natural Home Remedies for Cats and Dogs, 10 Awesome and Cheap DIY Projects for Geeks, The Future We Want: The Year in Elon Musk, Tired of Winter? How to Make Phosphorus o 1 Allow urine to sit in an open container for 7 days. Of course, it will take a long time to convert. About 1500 gallons of urine went into his experiment, but it paid off. How to make Red Phosphorus. Elemental phosphorus exists in two major forms, white phosphorus and red phosphorus, but because it is highly reactive, phosphorus is never found as a free element on Earth.It has a concentration in the Earth's crust of about one gram per kilogram (compare copper at about 0.06 grams). It’s one of the six most abundant elements in any living organism. When heated with carbon (charcoal) this decomposed to produce white phosphorus and sodium pyrophosphate. White and red phosphorus are monotropic allotropes – the latter is stable at all temperatures up to its melting point. Voila. How to make Red Phosphorus Dan Lutes. Grab that oil! Are Flush Toilets Appropriate in Third World Countries? The former is a waxy, yellowish-white, very inflammable, and poisonous solid. Phosphorous is essential for life, and it's used in most fertilizers. Allow the remainder to cool, where it consists of a black spongy upper part and a salty lower part. This makes urine the single largest source of phosphorous from urban areas. Mix two tablespoons of finely-powdered charcoal and two tablespoons of powdered cinnamon into the urine and stir. Under high heat, the oxygen in the phosphate reacts with carbon making carbon monoxide. The substance will cool into two parts, a black upper part and a grainy lower part. Scrape off the lower part and throw it away. The phosphorus urine test is used to check the amount of phosphate present in our body. Drill 3/4" hole in the lid of the 5 gallon bucket. This makes urine the single largest source of phosphorus from urban areas. Sadly, his chosen path for this increase in wealth was alchemy. If you did, you'd be following in the footsteps of the least dignified scientist ever. Struvite produced from urine can be applied to fields just like any other fertiliser. ". Brand (also known as Dr. Teutonicus) evaporated urine and so produced ammonium sodium hydrogenphosphate (microcosmic salt), which on heating produces sodium phosphite. He collected the oil and cooled down the urine. Keep it in a room away from people. But it could run out. Then again, Sami, maybe this isn't such a good idea. She didn't have enough money overall — at least not according to Brand — and so he used what money she had to try to make more money. Phosphorus is essential to plant growth, but there’s a looming shortage, which could leave global agriculture without the fertilizer needed to feed growing populations. From left to right: white phosphorus, red phosphorus, violet phosphorus & violet phosphorus. For this reason, we now use red phosphorus in matches. History and Design of the Bathroom Part 7: Putting a Price on Poop and Pee, 13 Natural Solutions for Killing and Deterring Ants, 8 Natural & Homemade Insecticides: Save Your Garden Without Killing the Earth. He wanted to come up with the philosopher's stone, which turned everyday elements into gold. It is done because both the high level and low level of phosphorus can be dangerous for our health. Figure 4: red phosphorus is in safety matches. Feel like doing a lot of horrible things with pee this weekend? Back in the 17th century, the German chemist Hennig Brandt chose urine to isolate elemental phosphorous. 1. In his experiment, he boiled hundreds of litres of urine down to a thick syrup until a red oil distilled up from it. Then he said it: "Urine trouble now! Heat that for about 16 hours. Let the rest cool. During this week, get … How do you get phosphorus from urine? Yellow Is the New Green: Is Pee-Cycling Greener Than a Composting Toilet? Test Overview. Urine is an excellent source of nitrogen, phosphorous, potassium and trace elements. 1. It wasn't cheap, and Brand burned through all of his wife's money. How to make Red Phosphorus. Lloyd Alter is Design Editor for Treehugger and teaches Sustainable Design at Ryerson University in Toronto. Could Harvesting Urine Ease Demand For Phosphorus? The phosphate urine test measures the amount of phosphate in a sample of urine collected over 24 hours (24-hour urine test). Phosphorus, (IPA: /ˈfɒsfərəs/, Greek: phôs meaning "light", and phoros meaning "bearer"), is the chemical element that has the symbol P and atomic number 15. o 3 Pour the urine/charcoal dust and cinnamon mixture into a glass retort with a glass tube leading into a second beaker filled with plain water. All the right elements that are necessary in large quantities for plant growth. This cools to form solid phosphorus. Red phosphorus is a non-poisonous, dark red powder that is not very inflammable. When I visited my family doctor, he said I'd have to submit urine for testing and stepped out of the room. Put the … How to Make Phosphorus o 1 Allow urine to sit in an open container for 7 days. Mix the oil back into the black upper part. Phosphorus is a chemical element with the symbol P and atomic number 15. Phosphate is a charged particle (ion) that contains the mineral phosphorus. Let the rest cool. The most pronounced phosphaturia in so-called phosphate diabetes. She didn't have to live in poverty only because she was born in the 1600s, and so died young. Let the rest cool. Discard the salt, mix the red oil back into the black material. Some scientists think, with some tweaks to our sanitation system, human urine could be mined for the necessary phosphorus. Scrape off the lower part and throw it away. Boil the urine until it’s a “syrup.” Heat the syrup until a red oil comes out of it. One litre of urine contains 11 gms of nitrogen, 1 gm of phosphorus and 2 gms of potassium. Surprisingly, he got one. The discovery of phosphorus was made when an alchemist, Hennig Brand, tried to make gold from urine. This is thanks to the phosphates in urine. The buyers sold the secret to others, but it remained valuable and well-kept until 1737, when someone sold it to the Academy of Science in Paris and it was published. As soon as he got his hands on her money, he started his experiments again. It was what we now call phosphorus. This makes urine the single largest source of phosphorous from urban areas. The body needs phosphorus to build and repair bones and teeth, help nerves function, and make muscles contract. How do you get phosphorus from urine? Cut out and save all the striking strips. Back in the 17th century, the German chemist Hennig Brandt chose urine to isolate elemental phosphorus. The oil will come back out, followed by phosphorus fumes. He collected the oil and cooled down the urine. His first step was marrying well; he was an officer in the army, but his wife had enough money for him to leave. Heat the syrup until a red oil comes out of it. First white fumes come off, then an oil, then phosphorus. In this video I demonstrate how to produce white phosphorus from household materials. I concur with Wes. Red Phosphorus and Violet Phosphorus (Polymeric) Red Phosphorus has more atoms linked together in a network than white phosphorus does, which makes it much more stable. Back in the 17th century, the German chemist Hennig Brandt chose urine to isolate elemental phosphorous. It glowed, perpetually, in the dark. You want to be careful with your exposure." It's toxic and explosive in its pure form, but chemistry is fun, right? Once you have white phosphorus, you can make red phosphorus by adding just a -trace- of iodine to the water under which the white phosphorus must be kept, and putting the jar out in the sunlight. Here is a weekend project for Sami, TreeHugger's champion peecycler: make phosphorus from your own urine! Alchemists tried anything, but they generally fixated on certain substances. Hennig Brand discovered the element of phosphorus in 1669. It can only safely be kept under water. In his experiment, he boiled hundreds of litres of urine down to a thick syrup until a red oil distilled up from it. How to Make Phosphorus Allow urine to sit in an open container for 7 days. First, you should allow some urine (preferably your own but I don't judge) to sit in an open container for about a week. Extracting Red Phosphorus from Matchbooks: Rip off matchbook covers. It’s estimated that Brand used 5,500 liters (about 1500 gallons) of urine to produce just 120 grams of phosphorus, or nearly 46 … Playing next. o 2 Mix two tablespoons of finely-powdered charcoal and two tablespoons of powdered cinnamon into the urine and stir. Subscribe Subscribed Unsubscribe 24 24. How do you get phosphorus from urine? Report. 5 years ago | 154 views. He wants to make it from some other phosphorus compound, which is much harder. Browse more videos. Humans were alchemical factories, turning ordinary substances like meat and grain into all kinds of things. Phosphorus is an element that is essential for life. Heat the syrup until a red oil comes out of it. [NOTE: This is a retouched combination picture that … Collis King. (NH 4)NaHPO 4 —› NaPO 3 + NH 3 + H 2 O He returned with 4 - 1 gallon plastic containers and told me I was to use them for a week and return however many were used at the end of the week. Oh, and you'd need about 1500 gallons of urine. Oh, and keep it under water or it will spontaneously ignite. After a complicated process of boiling and separating and recombining, he utterly failed to come up with gold. IO9 suggests that you wear protective clothing and eye protection, and don't breathe, because "Urine contains urea, and that breaks down into ammonia. you can get the ions out of solution by electrolysis like you mentioned before. A multivalent nonmetal of the nitrogen group, phosphorus is commonly found in inorganic phosphate rocks.. Due to its high reactivity, phosphorus is never found as a free element in nature. These conditions can be the indication of some serious diseases. The easiest thing to be got from the body was urine, and Brand, somehow, acquired a lot of it. Best thing is to go buy it. For example, it's a component of fireworks, flares and matches; it's used to dope silicon; and it's a plant fertilizer. It exists in two major forms – white phosphorus and red phosphorus. Follow. At the time, the only solid test for people not expressing obvious symptoms like my sister was looking for the presence of excess porphyrins in the urine. Although no direct use was found for cold fire in Brand's life, people were fascinated with it. That sounds like quite an achievement, but Brand's life wasn't one that should, necessarily, be emulated. He did, however, come up with something he called "cold fire." Phosphorus occurs in several allotropicforms, the most common of which are white phosphorus and red phosphorus (see Figure 2). Heat until a red oil distills up from it, and draw that off. It is not quite as flammable, but given enough energy it still reacts with air. Grab that oil! However, at ordinary temperatures the conversion of the white allo… Mix the oil back into the black upper part. Terribly rare and precious elements were popular, but so were human fluids. The observed symptoms of rickets in this disease are not amenable to vitamin D therapy, massive phosphaturia in this case is an important sign for the diagnosis. The substance will cool into two parts, a black upper part and a grainy lower part. About 30 years ago, my family discovered we had the genetic mutation that could yield porphyria. Line up as many matchbook covers as you can cut through with tin snips or good, sharp scissors. Boil the urine until it's a "syrup." Boil the urine until it's a "syrup." Brand mourned for a time, and then went in search of another financially secure wife. This makes urine the single largest source of phosphorus from urban areas. That's not making red phosphorus, that's separating it from the other junk in match strikers. At that stage, the science generally meant doing weird and dangerous things to any substance scientists could get their hands on. It’s something that most people wouldn’t even think of trying to do, but back in the mid seventeenth century peoples general knowledge of chemistry was not as advanced as it is today. Heat that mixture strongly for 16 hours. Loading... How to make white phosphorus - YouTube IO9 describes the process: You then mix the urine with the tasty powder and heat it in a retort like that kid in the chemistry set has. Grab that oil! Careful with your exposure. said it: `` urine trouble now from Matchbooks: Rip matchbook. In Brand 's life was n't one that should, necessarily, be.... 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