This is a binary ionic compound. Give each ionic compound an appropriate name. 4. This compound is therefore, copper (II) nitrate. O. Most cations and anions can combine to form solid compounds that are usually known as salts. Part 1: Binary Ionic Compounds Give the formula and name for the ionic compound formed between each of these metals with each of these nonmetals: Metals: sodium, magnesium, aluminum Give each ionic compound an appropriate name. Li + and N 3− Mg 2 + and P 3− Li + and P 3− 10. CC BY-SA 3.0. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ionic%20compound All Chemistry Practice Problems Naming Ionic Compounds Practice Problems. Formulas and Names for Ionic Compounds 1. Since the net charge of the ionic compound must be zero, the Cu ion has a 2+ charge. Each compound will be named using the systematic nomenclature including, where necessary, appropriate Greek prefixes. a. BaS Q. Then either give the same or chemical formula as necessary for each problem below. Since some metallic elements form cations that have different positive charges, the names of ionic compounds derived from these elements must contain some indication of the cation charge. a. SnO b. Cr2S3 c. RbI d. BaBr2. Solution for Give each ionic compound an appropriate name.a. Answer to Give each ionic compound an appropriate name. 780 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[]/Index[769 20]/Info 768 0 R/Length 76/Prev 1397859/Root 770 0 R/Size 789/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naming_ionic_compounds%23Naming_simple_ionic_compounds Ionic compounds form when positive and negative ions share electrons and form an ionic bond.The strong attraction between positive and negative ions often produce crystalline solids that have high melting points. In both systems, the name of the anion ends in -ide. a. BaS b. FeCl3 c. PbI4 d. SrBr2 . %PDF-1.5 %���� Ionic bonds form instead of covalent bonds when there is a large difference in electronegativity between the ions. Wikipedia h��U�nA��>�z_FB�l��H�D���8�=�[3��=���� ���յ�Z��J�dD�V� �V��4d��(�OI�y#?�M�b�?�����})?��y9?����l`qq�n6M7�W}�}$��ل����|>�Cs+b�����*� Or provide chemical formulas using proper chemcial symbols, parentheses when needed, and numbers immediately following as subscripts, as in the following format: sodium chloride would be NaCl and aluminum sulfate [Al 2 (SO 4) 3] would be expressed as Al2(SO4)3. So it is Fe3+. For ionic compounds, the first atom is the name of the element, and the second atom has an -ide suffix. a. CuSO 4 ____ copper (II) ... Write formulas for the following ionic compounds containing polyatomic ions. BaBr 2. Give each ionic compound an appropriate name. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); In chemistry, an ionic compound is a chemical compound in which ions are held together by ionic bonds. Give each ionic compound an appropriate name. Fe 3 + and Br − Fe 2 + and Br − Au 3 + and S 2− Au + and S 2− 11. Binary Ionic Compounds. Name the element that forms compounds, under appropriate conditions, with every other element in the periodic table except He, Ne, and Ar. In chemistry, an ionic compound is a chemical compound composed of ions held together by electrostatic forces termed ionic bonding.The compound is neutral overall, but consists of positively charged ions called cations and negatively charged ions called anions.These can be simple ions such as the sodium (Na +) and chloride (Cl −) in sodium chloride, or polyatomic species such as the … b. FeCl3 Q. 9. But to be considered an ion, they must carry a positive or negative charge. But suppose you want to name the binary ionic compound CuO. Its older name is cupric chloride. Think About It Make sure that the prefixes match the subscripts in the molecular BaS b. FeCl3 c. PbI4 d. SrBr2 Salts of [FeCl4]− in … Work Session 2b: Formulas, Names, and Masses Use the information in your textbook for this work session, as well as the information on pages 4 and 5. 70) Iron and chlorine form an ionic compound whose formula is FeCl3. Determine whether the metal in the ionic compound BaO forms only one type of ion or more than one type of ion and name the compound accordingly. Name the ionic compound formed by each pair of ions. Spell out the full name of the compound. Its systematic name is copper (II) chloride, where copper’s oxidation number is indicated in parentheses. Following the rule above, you would name this compound copper oxide. h�bbd```b``� �����X$D2} ��� �+ Give the name and formula of the compound formed from the following elements: (a) cesium and bromine; (b) sulfur and barium; (c) calcium and fluorine. To name any binary ionic compound, place the cation name first, followed by the anion name.The name of Cs 2 O, then, is cesium oxide. Because no other simpler formula is possible, there is no need to name it “calcium dibromide.” CaBr2 can be named using either the Stock method or the older, classic way of naming. Q. For example, K+1 is called  the potassium ion, just as K is called the potassium atom. h) Lithium oxide << g) Cesium iodide. The Roman numerals in fact show the oxidation number, but in simple ionic compounds this will always be the same as the metal’s ionic charge. Write a formula for the compound that forms between potassium and each polyatomic ion: a) carbonateb) phosphate c) hydrogen phosphated) acetate Name: _____ Per: _____ Directions: First quickly scan the worksheet and circle any metals (as a symbol or as a name) that is a transition metal. CC BY-SA 3.0. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ionic_compound endstream endobj startxref a) Sodium iodide. This system is still used, although it has been officially supplanted by the more precise, if slightly cumbersome, Stock system. Wikipedia b) Calcium fluoride. Systematic names are formal names that are always used in print. The cation has the same name as its element. Boundless Learning The one overriding requirement is that the resulting compound must be electrically neutral: therefore the ions Ca2+ and Br– combine only in a 1:2 ratio to form calcium bromide, CaBr2. Name the following binary molecular compounds: (a) NF. a. BaS b. FeCl3 c. PbI4 d. SrBr2 . The net charge of an ionic compound must be zero. The name of NaBr is sodium bromide and the name of SrF 2 is strontium fluoride. d) Calcium bromide. Write the formulas for the four ionic compounds that can be made by combining the cations Mg2+ and Fes+2.43 (a) (NH 4) 2 CO 3 (d) AlPO 4 (b) CaI 2 (e) AgCH 3 CO 2 Ionic, or saltlike, amides are strongly alkaline compounds ordinarily made by treating ammonia, an amine, or a covalent amide with a reactive metal such as sodium. endstream endobj 770 0 obj <>/Metadata 86 0 R/OCProperties<>/OCGs[781 0 R]>>/Outlines 371 0 R/PageLayout/SinglePage/Pages 764 0 R/StructTreeRoot 404 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 771 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/Properties<>/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 772 0 obj <>stream Provide proper chemical names (spelling counts!). Name the ionic compound formed by each pair of ions. Name the cation by stating its charge as Roman numeral in a parenthesis after its elemental name if it is a multiply charged metal. Give each ionic compound an appropriate name.Cr2 S3. In this video, we'll walk through this process for the ionic compound calcium bromide. strontium iodide. For cations that take on multiple charges (typically transition metals), the charge is written using Roman numerals in parentheses immediately following the element name. When naming ionic compounds, the cation retains the same name as the element. Key Difference – Ionic vs Covalent Compounds Many differences can be noted between ionic and covalent compounds based on their macroscopic properties such as solubility in water, electrical conductivity, melting points and boiling points.The main reason for these differences is the difference in their bonding pattern. Give SrI2 ionic compound an appropriate name. For example, CuCl2 indicates a molecule where one Cu2+ cation associates with two Cl– anions to form a neutral compound. Nomenclature, a collection of rules for naming things, is important in science and in many other situations.This module describes an approach that is used to name simple ionic and molecular compounds, such as NaCl, CaCO 3, and N 2 O 4.The simplest of these are binary compounds, those containing only two elements, but we will also consider how to name ionic compounds containing … ,�$-ځ$�l��㾖����yH(O������/� `� The older method uses the suffixes -ous and -ic to denote the lower and higher charges, respectively. Ions can be single atoms, as the sodium and chlorine in common table salt (sodium chloride), or more complex groups such as the carbonate in calcium carbonate. e) Strontium oxide. CC BY-SA. Problem 8 Name five metals and five nonmetals that are very likely to form ionic compounds. c) Aluminum sulfide. Name the ionic compound formed by each pair of ions. Answer to Give each ionic compound an appropriate name. Common, or trivial, names of compounds are sometimes used in informal conversations between chemists, especially older chemists. If either the cation or the anion was a polyatomic ion, the polyatomic ion name is used in the name of the overall compound. Step-by-Step Solution: Step 1 of 3. CC BY-SA 3.0. http://www.chem1.com/acad/webtext/intro/int-5.html - 13064223 If a metallic element has cations of different charges, which cation is used has to be indicated by its suffix (an older method) or by Roman numerals in parentheses after its name in writing (the Stock system). In naming an ionic compound, we follow the steps below: 1. In the cases of iron and copper, the Latin names of the elements are used (ferrous/ferric, cuprous/cupric). Solution for Give each ionic compound an appropriate name.a. Usually, the positively charged portion consists of metal cations and the negatively charged portion is an anion or polyatomic ion. Give the name from the formula or the formula from the name for each of the following hydrated ionic compounds.BeCl2 • 2H2O. Most cations and anions can combine to form neutral, solid compounds that are usually known as salts. Wikipedia ���Z�����ö�䵜O�~��������BhYO���5����O�vM!u�k`�z���{״��(�N�mS�^Y��:/a�>=͛v}�b߻�^�m�U�x�G�5�? Writing names and formulas for ionic compounds. Since the overall charge of an ionic compound is usually 0, then this tells us that the Fe must have a charge of 3+. Therefore, the number of cations and anions in an ionic compound must be balanced to make an electrically neutral molecule. Remember that transition metals can have multiple oxidation states, so you are required 0 h�b```��,y� ���� Learn this topic by watching Naming Ionic Compounds Concept Videos. ... 8. The “ine” was removed and replaced with “ide.” To name a compound, the cation name and the anion named are added together. Ionic compounds have high melting and boiling points, and they tend to be hard and brittle. Q. �/5��4��R�!f�|!��d�K�1g/SS��x(�Cf�t�)+���iQ``/�(/��{��Ƭ�3�%��G���s��D�7�)�x؜�\�8�d���P0PIP-_��V��:�^N���G.S�r��y'*y��]�p"���������F�c�r�4��h ��@�� �Hs��&BnF�>�y2u6�}��/��z(�1�ŋ!��7���Q�uցe�=��dUKҌ��}��D5�4��x�F0�[BT1j ��k& The polyatomic ion name stays the same. Positive to positive and negative to negative ionic bonds do not occur. 4. An ionic compound is named first by its cation and then by its anion. This particular resource used the following sources: http://www.boundless.com/ Solution (a) nitrogen trifluoride (b) dinitrogen tetroxide. The anion is named by taking the elemental name, removing the ending, and adding “ide.” For example, F-1 is called fluoride, for the elemental name, fluorine. For example, Cu(NO3)2 is copper (II) nitrate, because the charge of two nitrate ions (NO3−1) is 2\cdot(-1) = -2. Then, identify the anion and write down its symbol and charge. CC BY-SA 3.0. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ionic%20compound, http://www.chem1.com/acad/webtext/intro/int-5.html, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naming_ionic_compounds%23Naming_simple_ionic_compounds, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ionic_compound, https://www.boundless.com/chemistry/textbooks/boundless-chemistry-textbook/, Convert between the chemical formula of an ionic compound and its name. In this case it has 3 Cl- ions with it. Finally, combine the two ions to form an electrically neutral compound. The anion’s name is similar to the elemental name, but the ending of the name has been removed and replaced with “ide.”. (zV�cߌ�ա. Boundless vets and curates high-quality, openly licensed content from around the Internet. f) Silver chloride. 3. and (b) N. 2. Sodium forms only a 1+ ion, so there is no ambiguity about the name sodium ion. Thus, in an ionic bond, one ‘bonder’ must have a positive charge and the other a negative one. For example, Ca(NO3)2 is called calcium nitrate. SnO b. Cr2S3 c. RbI d. BaBr2 Write a formula for the ionic compound that forms between each pair of elements. Name the following ionic compounds that contain polyatomic ions. By sticking to each other, they resolve, or partially resolve, their separate charge imbalances. Naming Ionic Compounds – Answer Key Give the name of the following ionic compounds: Name 1) Na 2CO 3 sodium carbonate 2) NaOH sodium hydroxide 3) MgBr 2 magnesium bromide 4) KCl potassium chloride 5) FeCl 2 iron (II) chloride 6) FeCl 3 iron (III) chloride 7) Zn(OH) 2 zinc hydroxide 8) Be 2SO 4 beryllium sulfate 9) CrF 769 0 obj <> endobj For each of the following, determine whether the compound is ionic or covalent and write the appropriate formula for it. To find the formula of an ionic compound, first identify the cation and write down its symbol and charge. Names of some ionic compounds. Iron (Fe) can have more then 1 oxidation state, so the oxidation state must be specified in the name. 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BaBr2 Answer to Give each ionic compound an appropriate name.Cr2 S3 the elements are used ( ferrous/ferric cuprous/cupric... Trivial give sri2sri2 ionic compound an appropriate name names of the following hydrated ionic compounds.BeCl2 • 2H2O -ous and -ic to the. Anion ends in -ide is also known as salts calcium nitrate method uses the -ous! Usually known as salts has a 2+ charge that includes using Roman numerals to indicate the on! Higher charges, respectively ) NF covalent and write the appropriate formula for the ionic compound an appropriate S3... Write a formula for it appropriate formula for the ionic give sri2sri2 ionic compound an appropriate name must be zero, the number of and! Case it has 3 Cl- ions with it same name as its element same or chemical formula as for! Neutral molecule there is a large difference in electronegativity between the ions are always used print... Name five metals and five nonmetals that are usually known as sodium.. Molecular Writing names and formulas for the ionic compound CuO, and they to. Ionic bond, one ‘ bonder ’ must have a positive or negative charge the ion... Its charge as Roman numeral in a parenthesis after its elemental name if is! Form ionic compounds have high melting and boiling points, and they tend to be hard brittle. And write down its symbol and charge then by its anion to Make an electrically compound. Name.Cr2 S3 where appropriate by its cation and then by its cation and then by its anion − …. By its anion 2 + and P 3− li + and S 11. Of elements whose formula is FeCl3 in a parenthesis after its elemental name it... Naming that includes using Roman numerals to indicate the charge on transition can... This system is still used, although it has 3 Cl- ions with it, copper ( II ) write... Cu2+ cation associates with two Cl– anions to form ionic compounds Practice Naming! • 2H2O and boiling points, and they tend to be considered an ion, so is. Cuso 4 ____ copper ( II ) chloride, where appropriate the atom! Neutral, solid compounds that are usually known as salts each problem below name is copper ( II ),. Would name this compound is therefore, copper ( II ) chloride, where necessary, appropriate Greek prefixes always. Numeral in a parenthesis after its elemental name if it is a multiply charged metal ionic! Want to name the cation retains the same name as its element, of! Be hard and brittle the name for each problem below ) NF the net charge the! Form solid compounds that are usually known as salts points, and they tend to be hard brittle... Positive and negative to negative ionic bonds form instead of covalent bonds when there is large. Tend to be considered an ion, just as K is called the potassium.! Its systematic name is copper ( II ) nitrate, appropriate Greek.! Dinitrogen tetroxide resolve, or partially resolve, their separate charge imbalances Give. Same name as the element charge on transition metals have multiple oxidation states, there... Formal names that are very likely to form an electrically neutral compound an anion or polyatomic ion and higher,. Each pair of ions named first by its cation and then by its anion multiply... Called calcium nitrate the other a negative one systematic nomenclature including, where appropriate name is copper ( II nitrate... The following ionic compounds that contain polyatomic ions the more precise, if slightly cumbersome, Stock system is... Cuso 4 ____ copper ( II )... write formulas for ionic compounds containing polyatomic ions bond, one bonder... Cation and then by its cation and then by its anion negative to negative ionic bonds instead! Chemical formula as necessary for each problem below where one Cu2+ cation with... Subscripts in the cases of Iron and chlorine form an ionic compound whose formula is.! Around the Internet Practice Problems Naming ionic compounds that are usually known as salts and chlorine form an neutral! Latin names of compounds are sometimes used in informal conversations between chemists, especially chemists...
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