A Preliminary Study of Banana Stem Juice as a Plant-Based Coagulant for Treatment of Spent Coolant Wastewater. COD percentage removal was calculated as follows: It is a diuretic, and one of the most effective ways to cleanse your system from ailments. It also improves the machinability, increases productivity, and extends tool life by cooling and lubricating the parts and cutting tools. Helps in Weight Loss: Consumed with fibre, banana stem slows down the release of sugar and fats stored in the body’s cells. Table 4. The mixture was left for 1 hour and later the supernatant was collected to determine the COD, SS and turbidity using the standard method. The volume of spent coolant wastewater used was 300 mL and the volume of banana stem juice used was 50 mL. Conclusion: So, there are some real great health benefits of banana stem. Healthy banana stem juice which is proven to clear kidney stone and other sickness. 64 based coagulants such as mustard seed extract (Bodlund et al., 2014), rice starch (Teh et al., 65 2014), guar gum (Mukherjee et al., 2013), banana stem juice (Alwi et al., 2013), Moringa 66 oleifera (Muthuraman and Sasikak, 2014) and others were found to be effective in water and 67 wastewater treatment. Habsah Alwi, Juferi Idris, Mohibah Musa, Ku Halim Ku Hamid, "A Preliminary Study of Banana Stem Juice as a Plant-Based Coagulant for Treatment of Spent Coolant Wastewater", Journal of Chemistry, vol. The experiments were conducted at room … Ingredients. Van der Gast, A. S. Whiteley, and I. P. Thompson, “Temporal dynamics and degradation activity of an bacterial inoculum for treating waste metal-working fluid,”, K. Bilba, M. A. Arsene, and A. Ouensanga, “Study of banana and coconut fibers. The effectiveness of banana stem juice as a natural coagulant for treatment of spent coolant wastewater was investigated . Despite its name, banana stem is not the stem of the banana plant. Inulin has high bonding capacity as mentioned by Eissens et al. The effectiveness of banana stem juice as a natural coagulant for treatment of spent coolant wastewater was investigated . At pH 7 and 90 mL dosage ,the highest recorded COD, SS and turbidity removal percentages were 80.1%, 88.6& and 98.5% respectively. As banana stem juice is low in calories, you can take plenty of it without consuming excess calories. Three main parameters were studied, namely, chemical oxygen demand (COD), suspended solids (SSs), and turbidity of effluent. With this high bonding capacity, it is able to entrap more microfloc to form bridges on the polymer chain of inulin structure. In this study, four plant-based natural coagulants (banana peel powder, banana stem juice, papaya seed powder and neem leaf powder) were evaluated for the removal of turbidity, chemical oxygen demand (COD) and total suspended solids (TSS) from municipal wastewater. According to a study carried out by researchers in Iran, obese and overweight women who took 5 ounces of yogurt with 3 grams of cumin lost fats at a faster speed than the control group. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions. Detoxification and Digestion: The juice of the banana stem helps in flushing out toxins from the body. The highest recorded COD, SS, and turbidity removal percentages by banana stem juice were 80.1%, 88.6%, and 98.5%, respectively, observed for effluent at pH 7 using 90 mL dosage. This study is based on the relevance of Banana Stem Pith Juice as an organic coagulant for textile wastewater treatment and their comparison for treatment efficiency. The settling of flocs particles was then observed and recorded. The parameters of the study are pH of the solution, coagulant dosage and settling time. Standard inulin was obtained from a company in Subang, Selangor, Malaysia, with approximately 99% purity. Banana stem juice is rich in iron and vitamin B6, which are responsible for increasing … Compliance of treated spent coolant wastewater using banana stem juice with Malaysian standard effluent discharge limit. Mixing cardamom with banana stem juice relaxes the bladder and helps prevent against painful kidney stones. The glass fiber filter disks were dried in the oven at 100–105°C for one hour to remove any moisture that can affect the suspended solid measurement. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions. At pH 7 and 90 mL dosage ,the highest recorded COD, SS and turbidity removal percentages were 80.1%, 88.6& and 98.5% respectively. The highest recorded COD, SS, and turbidity … Banana pith coagulant was added at dosages of 0.1–1 kg/m 3. Turbidity removal percentages showed marginal difference in which more than 98% removal was achieved. N. Hilal, G. Busca, F. Talens-Alesson, and B. P. Atkin, “Treatment of waste coolants by coagulation and membrane filtration,”, M. Kobya, C. Ciftci, M. Bayramoglu, and M. T. Sensoy, “Study on the treatment of waste metal cutting fluids using electrocoagulation,”, C. Chenga, D. Phippsa, R. M. Alkhaddar, and R. M., “Treatment of spent metalworking fluids,”, M. Sokovic and K. Mijanovic, “Ecological aspects of the cutting fluids and its influence on quantifiable parameters of the cutting processes,”, M. Greeley and N. Rajagopalan, “Impact of environmental contaminants on machining properties of metalworking fluids,”, S. Rios, C. Pazos, and J. Coca, “Destabilization of cutting oil emulsions using inorganic salts as coagulants,”, C. Solisio, A. Lodi, A. Converti, and M. Del Borghi, “Removal of exhausted oils by adsorption on mixed Ca and Mg oxides,”, J. M. Benito, S. Ebel, B. Gutierrez, C. Pazos, and J. Coca, “Ultrafiltration of a waste emulsified cutting oil using organic membranes,”, N. Hilal, G. Busca, N. Hankins, and A. W. Mohammad, “The use of ultrafiltration and nanofiltration membranes in the treatment of metal-working fluids,”, M. Belkacem, H. Matamoros, C. Cabassud, Y. Aurelle, and J. Cotteret, “New results in metal working wastewater treatment using membrane technology,”, J. V. G. Christopher and P. I. Thompson, “Effects of pH amendment on metal working fluid wastewater biological treatment using a defined bacterial consortium,”, H. B. Schrever and R. W. Coughlin, “Effects of stratification in a fluidized bed bioreactor during treatment of metalworking wastewater,”, B. R. Kim, D. N. Rai, J. F. Zemla, F. Lipari, and P. V. Harvath, “Biological removal of organic nitrogen and fatty acids from metal-cutting-fluid wastewater,”, C. Cheng, D. Phipps, and R. M. Alkhaddar, “Thermophilic aerobic wastewater treatment of waste metalworking fluids,”, K. Takada, Y. Kondo, K. Yamaguchi, and S. Sakamoto, “Study on recycling of waste water from spent water-soluble coolant,”, C. Namasivayam, N. Kanchana, and R. T. Yamuna, “Waste banana pith as adsorbent for the removal of Rhodamine-B from aqueous solutions,”, C. Namasivayam, D. Prabha, and M. Kumutha, “Removal of direct red and acid brilliant blue by adsorption on to banana pith,”, K. S. Low, C. K. Lee, and A. C. Leo, “Removal of metals from electroplatinc wastes using banana pith,”, D. Deepak, K. V. Anand, and R. Bhargava, “Biodegradation of metal cutting oil: evaluation of kinetic parameters,”. … e usage of banana stem juice as a natural coagulant in COD, SS, and turbidity removal, however, is knowntobelimitedinthepublishedliterature. The total suspended solid removal percentage was calculated as follows: Cures Anemia. From the HPLC result, the peak of inulin was at 10- to 15-minute retention time, and the peak area that has been recorded was equal to 8191004.35. [17], waste banana pith can be used effectively as an adsorbent for the removal of 87% Rhodamine B from textiles wastewaters at pH 4. The experiments were conducted at room temperature without adjusting the initial pH. The raw banana stem is full of potassium and vitamin b6. Compliance of treated spent coolant wastewater using banana stem juice with Malaysian standard effluent discharge limit. Nevertheless, banana stem juice showed high potential as a natural coagulant for water treatment purposes. The result from this study indicates that banana stem juice is applicable as a natural coagulant in the pretreatment process of wastewater, and further treatment is needed before it can be discharged into the environment. For biological treatment, large area requirement, high maintenance, long retention time, and odour problems are usually associated with pond treatment methods. V.J. Jar tests were conducted using varying dosages and pH adjustment of raw wastewater. Banana Stem: 1 cup chopped; Apple: 1 large; Sugar: As needed; Water: 1 cup; Soak the banana stem in water for an hour and blend it to get the juice. Shodex column K806 with NaNO3 0.5 M as eluent has been set. There are several treatment methods used to treat waste metal-cutting fluids [2], namely, chemical coagulation [6], adsorption [7], microfiltration, and ultrafiltration [8–10], as well as biological (aerobic and anaerobic) process [11–14]. 3.1. Evaluation of plant-based natural coagulants for municipal wastewater treatment. Idris et al., 2013 Dragon fruit foliage Latex effluent Thorns … Coagulation experiments using jar test were performed in the laboratory with a bioblock flocculation that comprises six-paddle rotor () for 600 mL high-shape beakers, and all tests were conducted at room temperature. More HEALTH News . The oil on the top of the coolant was separated through skimming process, and spent coolant wastewater (without any excessive oil) was collected at the spent coolant storage prior to the treatment process within the plant operation. The main problem with coolants, however, is that they can easily become polluted over long use, losing their effectiveness and properties [2], and may develop rancid odours due to the presence of complex chemicals and biocides [3]. Strain the juice and ass some ice cubes to this healthy smoothie. The principle of the turbidity measurement is based on a comparison of the intensity of light scattered by the sample. Turbidity test was measured using portable turbidimeter (Model HACH 2100P). The recommended daily amount of fiber is 25 grams, but if you consume 20 to 40 grams of fiber a day, you will be able to lose weight more easily. Coagulation experiments using jar test were performed with a flocculation system where the effects of spent coolant wastewater pH as well as banana stem … If you are interested in weight loss, try to consume the juice of banana stem to keep yourself full. Banana Stem recipes are traditionally known to be a natural remedy for kidney stones. Herbals Banana Plant Stem Extract Juice | Natural Kidney Stone Breaker and Gallstone Dissolver, 500ml 4.6 out of 5 stars 3. This result is rather different compared to plant-based coagulant such as Opuntia ficus-indica with coagulating-flocculating capabilities where 65% of the initial COD was removed at pH 10 (dose of 50 mg/L) [29]. Banana stem juice (Vazhaithandu) juice is a famous beverage served by many health stores, street vendors and even restaurants in South India. Inulin analysis in banana stem was determined using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) Agilent 1200. The most commonly used coagulants may be salts of aluminium based or iron based. Strain the juice using a mesh sieve. Only 2 left in stock - order soon. The COD test was measured using UV Spectrophotometer HACH model. The effectiveness of banana stem juice as a natural coagulant for treatment of spent coolant wastewater was investigated . Banana stem can be cooked or consumed raw in juice form. We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible. It is, therefore, the use of natural organic coagulant from plant-based which is cost effective may be an interesting alternative. The banana stem juice, yogurt and cumin combination helps in speeding up weight loss. To the juice, add the Apple juice and a few ice cubes to serve it chilled. $43.99. There were not many differences between the compositions of carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen in banana stem/juice and the established plant-based coagulants such as nonshelled Moringa seeds and shelled Moringa seeds. The usage of banana stem juice as a natural coagulant in COD, SS, and turbidity removal, however, is known to be limited in the published literature. The speed was then reduced to slow at 30 rpm for 20 minute to keep flocs particles uniformly suspended. This paper reports on the potential of juice produced from banana stem as a natural coagulant for the removal of COD, SS, and turbidity from spent coolant wastewater. Strain the juice using a mesh sieve. The main parameter studied was Turbidity. This paper reports on the potential of juice produced from banana stem as a natural coagulant for the removal of COD, SS, and turbidity from spent coolant wastewater. How to prepare juice from banana stem and its uses#bananastemhealthyjuice#homeremidyfromKidnystone The pH value of treated spent coolant wastewater complied with the pH range (5–8) stipulated by the DOE, Malaysia. Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy. In Ayurveda banana stem juice is recommended for dissolving kidney stones and speeding up weight loss. A Preliminary Study of Banana Stem Juice as a Plant-Based Coagulant for Treatment of Spent Coolant Wastewater. Therefore, controlled pH of the spent coolant wastewater determines the effectiveness of banana stem juice in the flocculation process, where it determines the maximum COD, SS, and turbidity percentage removal. Three main parameters were studied, namely, chemical oxygen demand (COD), suspended solids (SSs), and turbidity of effluent. Three types of crimped capsules were placed in the autosampler for the CHNS/O analyzer (blank, standard-sulfamethazine, and banana stem sample). Although banana stem juice is capable of reducing the COD, SS, and turbidity concentrations by giving the values of 30,300 mg/L (80.1%), 1,010 mg/L (88.6%), and 1,235 NTU (98.5%), respectively, these values were still higher than standards A and B. where is turbidity of raw spent coolant wastewater (NTU), is turbidity after treatment (NTU), and is turbidity of raw spent coolant wastewater (NTU). Banana Stem: 1 cup, chopped; Freshly squeezed lime juice: 1 tablespoon; Water: 1 cup; A pinch of salt and sugar to taste. The spent coolant wastewater was collected from the site with excessive oil from the machine-processing operation. To avoid any fermentation, the coagulation experiments using this banana stem juice as a natural coagulant were carried out on the same day. Constipation: The banana stem is high in fibre and acts as a laxative to ease constipation. Banana stem juice is also a great digestive, which aids bowel movement and contains good fibre for your gut. The stem is cooked in various ways in South Indian cuisine and in some parts of West Bengal. However, values for all other parameters were higher than standards A and B. study is based on the releva nce of Banana Stem Pith Juice as an organic coagulant for textile wastewater treatment an comparison for treatment efficiency. Coagulation experiments using jar test was performed with a flocculation system where the effects It is a diuretic, and one of the most effective ways to cleanse your system from ailments. 2013, Article ID 165057, 7 pages, 2013. https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/165057, 1Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia, 2Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Sarawak Campus, 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia. Intensity (cm-1) of FTIR for commercial pectin Intensity (cm-1) of FTIR extracted pectin from rice straw. Jar tests were conducted using varying dosages and pH adjustment of raw wastewater. Managing cholesterol and blood pressure. The authors gratefully acknowledge Research Management Institute (RMI), Universiti Teknologi MARA Malaysia for providing the research grant for this study, Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia, and Universiti Teknologi MARA, Sarawak Campus, for technical support. Coagulation is a common process in the treatment of both industrial wastewater and surface water. The coagulation experiments using banana stem juice were carried out on the same day to avoid any fermentation process. Three main parameters were studied, namely, chemical oxygen demand (COD), suspended solids (SSs), and turbidity of effluent. Apart from the banana stem juice you can also prepare a smoothie by blending one apple, one cup of soaked stem of banana and one cup of water. Coagulation experiments using jar test were performed with a flocculation system where the effects of spent coolant wastewater pH as well as banana stem juice dosage on coagulation effectiveness were examined. Banana stem can be cooked or consumed raw in juice form. DTI, “Development of an integrated membrane bioreactor system for the treatment of used cuttingfluids and other oily wastes in the engineering industry,” DTI/BMB/39/1500/ 98/10, 1998. Horoscope 2021: Health Predictions For All Zodiac Signs. We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible. Make a smooth paste. The samples were transferred into 20 L plastic containers and then closed, sealed tight, and labelled to avoid any oxidation and contamination before being transported to the laboratory. Banana stem juice is beneficial to health, according to Ayurveda. Coolant is widely used to provide a degree of lubrication and for cooling in various metal-working operations. 100 g of small pieces of the pith were mixed with 10 mL of distilled water using a mixer. They are largely based on water-soluble oils: synthetic, semisynthetic, and biodegradable [1]. The sample cell was placed into the turbidimeter and the turbidity value was shown in NTU unit. The heavier flocs will easily settle down through the sedimentation process. Banana stem juice is diuretic and it flushes away the toxins and cleanses the urinary tract. Coagulant Coagulation experiments using jar test was performed with a flocculation system where the effects The differences were due to the machinery sources processing the wastewater, and this was indicated by the spent coolant wastewater containing high inorganic and organic substances. The stem of the banana is low in calories but high in fibre content. The mixture was subjected to 3 min of rapid mixing at 180 rpm followed by 20 min of mixing at 10 rpm and 30 min of settling. Chennai, Tamil Nadu Healthy Tips To Keep In Mind. Figure 4 shows the effect of the dosage of banana stem juice as a coagulant on flocculation effectiveness at optimum pH value 7 for banana stem juice. Therefore, the settlement of the suspended solid will reduce the turbidity and the COD of the sample waste in flocculation process during jar test analysis. METHODS. Treating kidney stones and UTI. In terms of coagulation activity, the banana peel powder was found to be the most effective while banana stem juice had poor coagulation activity. Usually ships within 1 to 3 weeks. Appropriate pH and dosage of the natural coagulant was observed to be 4 and 1000mg/L respectively. Its application includes the removal of dissolved chemical species and turbidity via the addition of widely used chemical-based coagulants such as alum (AlCl3), ferric chloride (FeCl3), polyaluminium chloride (PAC), and synthetic polymer. Banana is one of the most widely grown tropical fruits because of its high food value and an important addition to the diet. The flow rates of injection were 1 mL/min with 200 μL injection volume. The initial results indicate that banana peel powder as natural coagulant has tremendous potential for wastewater treatment. The inulin concentration in the banana stem was examined to be 1.22016 mg/mL. 2.1 Coagulants: sources and challenges 10 2.2 Types of flocculant: sources and challenges 2.2.1 Synthetic flocculant 2.2.2 Biopolymeric flocculant - bacteria 11 11 13 . Analysis of constituents in banana stem was determined using the CHNS/O Analyzer LECO, CHNS932. Approximately 2.0 mg of very fine cut of oven dried banana stem was placed in a tin capsule and crimped. In this study, four plant-based natural coagulants (banana peel powder, banana stem juice, papaya seed powder and neem leaf powder) were evaluated for the removal of turbidity, chemical oxygen demand (COD) and total suspended solids (TSS) from municipal wastewater. The total turbidity percentage removal was calculated as follows: It is very healthy. At the end of the experiment, the sample will be test for COD, pH and turbidity. Add some buttermilk and salt. Newer Post Older Post Home. The usage of banana stem juice as a natural coagulant in COD, SS, and turbidity removal, however, is known to be limited in the published literature. Banana trunk juice can also be included in the weight loss diet. The stem is cooked in various ways in South Indian cuisine and in some parts of West Bengal. fresh juice of banana stem was stored in a refrigerator at 7 °C to ensure its freshness. This property makes banana stem juice a crucial part of the diet for anemic persons. Il s'agit d'un classic blond à la banane flambée. It was then used to filter 10 mL of the supernatant using vacuum filter, and the disk was carefully washed using 10 mL of distilled water. Due to its numerous health benefits, it is said that drinking a glass of Banana stem juice in the morning will keep you fit. Ready For Thanksgiving Feast? of the family Musaceae. 3. Horoscope 2021: Health Predictions For All Zodiac Signs. The detector used was refractive index for analysis of carbohydrates component. GDR Farm Fresh Koyambedu, Chennai E 114, Periyar Vegetable Market Complex, Koyambedu, Chennai - 600092, Dist. Banana stem is rich in potassium and thus if regularly taken, it can cure stomach pains.The outer parts of the stem can be used to treat heat burns. [28]. drying and grinding, juice was also extracted from the banana stem. It is estimated that more than litres of metal-working fluids (MWFs) were used worldwide annually, and the waste could be more than ten times the usage, as the coolants have to be diluted prior to use [3]. More HEALTH News . This might be due to the properties of the banana stem juice during preparation since it was prepared in a solution form where distilled water was mixed with the juice to make the juice more diluted; hence, the concentration of inulin from the banana stem was lower. Chemical oxygen demand (COD) refers to the amount of oxygen required to oxidize the organic compounds in a water sample to carbon dioxide and water. The result from this study showed that the inulin concentration in the banana stem was 1.22016 mg/mL. Due to its high surface-active and organic pollutant loads, this waste creates a serious danger to the environment [2, 4, 5]. Copyright © 2013 Habsah Alwi et al. It appeared that the highest COD removal percentage was 80.1% while for the suspended solid removal percentage was 88.6% (both 90 mL dosage). Soak the banana stem in water for an hour and blend it to get the juice. The effectiveness of banana stem juice as a natural coagulant for treatment of turbid water was investigated. Studies have also … Stones slowly develop over months or years and are composed of … #1.Banana Stem Juice with Buttermilk The diuretic properties of banana stem juice help in reducing the size of kidney stones. Compliance of treated spent coolant wastewater using banana stem juice with Malaysian standard effluent discharge limit. This study is based on the relevance of Banana Stem Pith Juice as an organic coagulant for textile wastewater treatment and their comparison for treatment efficiency. To the best of our knowledge, the use of natural and unmodified Cassia 68 obtusifolia seed … We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted research articles as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19. Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy. Due to its numerous health benefits, it is said that drinking a glass of Banana stem juice in the morning will keep you fit. The stem from which the fruit bunches have been taken should be cut off because it will never again grow fruit. The juice extracted from the soft inner portion of the banana stem contains an array of nutrients that can help with various health problems. The composition of principal elements of the banana stem was nearly similar with the result obtained by Bilba et al. To prepare the juice, add the banana stem, roasted cumin, yoghurt, pepper and salt into the blender. Banana Stem Juice Recipe – Valathandu Juice Recipe with step wise pictures. Spent coolant wastewater was collected from camera lens manufacturer company in Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia. A Preliminary Study of Banana Stem Juice as a Plant-Based Coagulant for Treatment of Spent Coolant Wastewater, Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia, Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Sarawak Campus, 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia, http://www.doe.gov.my/portal/legislation-actsregulation-order/, Regulatory standard discharge limit (mg/L). Banana stem juice contains polysaccharide compounds—inulin (1.22016 mg/mL), which is a natural polymer for bridging and entrapping the microfloc to form larger floc. Fig 2: Banana pith juice . IJSER is an open access international journal or a large number of high quality and peer reviewed research publishing in all the fields of science, engineering and technology. Two types of plant-based coagulant (banana peel and hibiscus leaf) are used in this study in order to treat industrial effluent. APPLICATION OF BANANA STEM AND RICE STRAW DERIVED BIO-FLOCCULANTS FOR TEXTILE WASTEWATER TREATMENT ABSTRACT This study involve three different stages which … Banana stem juice is traditionally used to cure kidney stones and urinary tract infections. They found that the compositions of carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen of the core of banana stem (pseudostem) were 36.83%, 5.19%, and 0.93%, respectively. The stem will be left abundantly in the plantation and normally will just rot or be used as fertilizer. To make the juice, combine chopped banana stem and water and grind it in a … The lower COD and SS removal percentages might be due to the use of natural coagulant which may increase the organic load in water [31] and result in the possibility for undesired and increased microbial activity [26]. COVID-19: The One Symptom / Sign That You Have COVID-19 Already. Healthy Tips To Keep In Mind . To avoid any fermentation, the coagulation experiments using this banana stem juice as a natural coagulant were carried out on the same day. Banana stem juice with lime. All the analyses were done in triplicates. This result indicated that at pH 7, the maximum amount of coagulant is converted to solid phase flocs particles. Another research also on colour removal showed that the pith of banana stem can effectively remove the direct red colour and acid brilliant blue from aqueous solution through adsorption. The effectiveness of banana stem juice as a natural coagulant for treatment of turbid water was investigated. The adsorption capacities were 5.92 and 4.42 mg dye per gram of pith for direct red and acid brilliant blue, respectively [18]. To the juice, add the Apple juice and a few ice cubes to serve it chilled. High COD, SS, and turbidity removal percentages by the banana stem juice were observed for effluent at pH 7 where percentages were 80.1, 88.6, and 98.5%, respectively. Banana stem juice is beneficial to health, according to Ayurveda. Ltd, No. Also, beneficial for weight loss. This is a perfect weightloss drink too. Blend it in the blender to make juice out of it. This is due to the high-moisture composition of that compared to the banana stem. According to Namasivayam et al. To avoid any fermentation, the coagulation experiments using this banana stem juice as a natural coagulant were carried out on the same day. This drink has lots of medicinal benefits in them. The turbidity and pH of the wastewater, before and after jar test, were then measured using the nephelometer and pH meter, respectively. This is a perfect weightloss drink too. The chemistry of coagulant depends on the pH of any solution during the flocculation process. A similar observation was seen from the findings by Zhang et al. It prevents kidney stones, keeps blood sugar under control, keeps your body cool and is also a very good detox food. $19.99. The mixed pith was then filtered and the juice was collected. Natural coagulants be naturally occurring low cost products, biodegradable and so environment friendly. The thorns were removed and the pith of the stem (Figure 1) was then separated from the foliage. Inulin is a very stable compound; Tadros et al. The desired amount of coagulant was added to spent coolant wastewater and stirred at the “flash mixing” speed of approximately 120 rpm for 1 minute. Coagulation Jar Test Experiments.Coagulation experiments using jar test were performed in the laboratory with a bioblock flocculation that comprises sixpaddle - rotor, and all tests were conducted at room temperature. S.maurya(2018),investigated the natural coagulant such as banana peel powder, banana stem juice, papaya seed powder and neem leaf powder for removal of turbidity, chemical oxygen demand and total suspended solids form municipal waste water. Aluminium based coagulants consist of sodium aluminate, poly-aluminium chloride (PAC) and aluminium sulphate (alum). Due to high energy consumption or application of variety of chemicals, this would decrease the processing efficiency and increase cost of process [15]. All values except for pH and turbidity are expressed in mg/L. [25]. Note: You can replace drinking water with plain soda water and Apples with Mangoes in the above recipes to add much better taste to the juice. is paper reports on the potential of juice produced from banana stem as a natural coagulant for the removal of COD, SS, and turbidity from spent coolant wastewater. The values were much higher compared to previous results [2, 3, 12, 21–24] except for pH and color. The coagulation experiments using banana stem juice were carried out on the same day to avoid any fermentation process. The main parameter studied was Turbidity. The samples were stored at 5°C to prevent spent coolant wastewater from undergoing further biodegradation due to microbial activities. … The fresh juice of banana stem (Figure 2) was stored in a refrigerator at 7°C to ensure its freshness. #3.Banana Stem Juice with Apples. In this study, it was determined that the foliage of banana stem contained 38.03% carbon, 0.42% nitrogen, and 5.46% hydrogen, meanwhile the stem juice contained 33.42% carbon, 0.49% nitrogen, and 6.17% hydrogen. As such, increase in the organic load is responsible for the increase of BOD concentration and subsequently contributes to increased COD concentration in an aqueous solution. The disk was then dried again at 100–105°C for one hour and weighted again after it was cooled. The fresh juice of banana stem was stored in a refrigerator at 7ºC to ensure its freshness. [ Read: Aloe Vera Juice For Weight Loss] Banana Stem Juice For Kidney Stones . EAN Code: 200006800001 Country of origin: India Sourced & Marketed by: Supermarket Grocery Supplies Pvt. The mixed pith was then filtered and the juice was collected. Significant linear relationships between turbidity and TSS (R2 = 0.67-0.88) and turbidity removals and COD removals (R2 = 0.68-0.8) were observed. The result showed that inulin can be found in the stem of banana trees, and this is in agreement with the study by Meijer and Mathijssen [26], where most of the inulin is stored in the stem of chicory and Jerusalem artichoke. The data for standard inulin was used to construct the calibration curve. The fresh juice of banana stem was stored in a refrigerator at 7ºC to ensure its freshness. Cumin contains phytoesterols that blocks cholesterol absorption in the gut. The samples were collected in accordance with standard method for the examination of water and wastewater [20]. Table 4. Iron coagulants are mainly ferric chloride, ferric chloride sulphate, ferrous sulfate and ferric sulphate; also magnesium carbonate and hydrated sodium carbonate (lime) are used. Characteristics of spent coolant wastewater. pH meter brand Mettler Toledo was used in this paper to measure the pH value of the sample. Elemental analysis of banana stem, banana stem juice, and comparison with other natural coagulants. However, percentage removal for turbidity at pH 7 was found slightly less (90.9%) compared to the percentage removal at pH 5 (highest percentage removal, 95.2%). It is also suggested that banana stem should be dried and sieved into fine powder in order to get high concentration of inulin prior to its use. Enjoy this regularly atleast once or twice a week. Similar Recipes. Botanical composition, thermal degradation and textural observations,”, W. J. M. Meijer and E. W. J. M. Mathijssen, “Analysis of crop performance in research on inulin, fibre and oilseed crops,”, T. F. Tadros, A. Vandamme, B. Levecke, K. Booten, and C. V. Stevens, “Stabilization of emulsions using polymeric surfactants based on inulin,”, A. C. Eissens, G. K. Bolhuis, W. L. J. Hinrichs, and H. W. Frijlink, “Inulin as filler-binder for tablets prepared by direct compaction,”, L. G. Torres, S. L. Carpinteyro-Urban, and M. Vaca, “Use of prosopis laevigata seed gum and opuntia ficus-indica mucilage for the treatment of municipal wastewaters by coagulation-flocculation,”, J. Zhang, F. Zhang, Y. Luo, and H. Yang, “A preliminary study on cactus as coagulant in water treatment,”, K. A. Ghebremichael, K. R. Gunaratna, H. Henriksson, H. Brumer, and G. Dalhammar, “A simple purification and activity assay of the coagulant protein from Moringa oleifera seed,”, Department of Environment, Malaysia, Environmental quality (Sewage and Industrial Effluent) Regulation 1979, Third schedule environmental quality act, A. Ndabigengesere, K. Subba Narasiah, and B. G. Talbot, “Active agents and mechanism of coagulation of turbid waters using Moringa oleifera,”, C. Y. Yin, S. Abdul-Talib, Y. P. Lim, M. S. N. Ismail, S. N. A. Abdul-Razak, and A. M. Mohd-Mohtar, “Turbidity removal from surface waters and landfill leachate using cactus opuntia,”. The temperature of the analyzer oxidation was set at 1000°C. e-liquide Banana's Rider Kong Juice par Juice'N Vape, formulé en 50% VG et 50% PG. seasonings of choice can be added for extra flavor like salt, sugar, jaggery, stevia, pepper powder, chaat masala, cinnamon powder, cardamom powder, cumin powder, lemon juice; banana stem plain juice (with salt) ingredients used. Generally, the percentage of COD, SS, and turbidity removal by using banana stem juice showed tremendous potential as a plant-based natural coagulant in the treatment of spent coolant wastewater. Banana is a herbaceous plant of the genus Musa spp. The effectiveness of banana stem juice as a natural coagulant for treatment of spent coolant wastewater was investigated . A program runs the analysis automatically and results were given in percentage. Dishes such as vazhaithandu poriyal, vazhaithandu kootu (banana stem cooked with lentils), vazahaithandu thoran (banana stem tempered and garnished with coconut) are popular in Tamil Nadu. This pH value was selected based on our findings in this study reported above. During settling, samples were withdrawn with pipette from 2 cm depth at 5 min intervals for 30 min. Drinking a glass of banana stem juice mixed with a few drops of lime juice every day prevents formation of kidney stones. Although the final discharge did not comply with the standard effluent discharge limits A and B stipulated by the DOE, Malaysia, with percentage of COD, SS, and turbidity removal exceeding 80%, it is suggested that banana stem juice is to be used in the pretreatment stage of spent coolant wastewater prior to secondary treatment. Table 4 analyses the compliance of COD, SS, and turbidity concentrations of spent coolant wastewater treated with banana stem juice with standard effluent discharge limits A and B stipulated by the Department of Environment (DOE), Malaysia. Figure 3 shows the effect of pH on the coagulation of the spent coolant wastewater using banana stem juice as a natural coagulant. The flowers, fruit and stems can be eaten, the leaves can be used as plates and the bark can be used to make paper. The main parameter studied was Turbidity. where is COD of raw spent coolant wastewater (mg/L), is COD after treatment (mg/L), and is COD of raw spent coolant wastewater (mg/L). The dried filter disk was then cooled and weighted. Enjoy this regularly atleast once or twice a week. In 1 cup of water, soak the banana stem and leave it for an hour to soften it. Matured banana plants were collected from Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia. The effectiveness of banana stem juice as a natural coagulant for treatment of spent coolant wastewater was investigated . Table 2 shows the characteristics of spent coolant wastewater before the coagulation pretreatment. Suspended solid was measured using glass fiber disk filtration method. Coagulation experiments using jar test were performed with a flocculation system where the effects of spent coolant wastewater pH as well as banana … Dishes such as vazhaithandu poriyal, vazhaithandu kootu (banana stem cooked with lentils), vazahaithandu thoran (banana stem tempered and garnished with coconut) are popular in Tamil Nadu. This drink has lots of medicinal benefits in them. The composition of hydrogen was higher in banana stem juice compared to the banana stem. Jar tests were done to determine the desired coagulant dosages. Appropriate pH and dosage of the natur al coagulant was observed to be 4 and 1000mg/L respectively. pH of wastewater samples was controlled by adding 1.0 M H2SO4 or 1.0 M NaOH. where is weight of the disk + solids (g), is weight of empty filter disk (g), is volume of sample (mL). Cleanses The Urinary Tract. It could be concluded that banana stem juice showed tremendous potential as a natural coagulant for water treatment purposes and could be applied in the pretreatment stage of Malaysian spent coolant wastewater prior to secondary treatment. Compliance of treated spent coolant wastewater using banana stem juice with Malaysian standard effluent discharge limit. 3. It is actually the stalk of the banana flower. Rich in Vitamin B6, it has a lot of iron and increases the … Values of p-value for bio-flocculant yield from banana pseudostem and rice straw Table 4.2 Table 4.3 Table 4.4 Table 4.5 Table 4.6 Table 4.7 and Table 4.8 Intensity (cm-1) of FTIR extracted pectin from banana pseudo-stem. Before injecting for analysis, the juice was filtered using nylon acrodisc filter 0.45 μm to avoid any interference. Parameters: Raw spent coolant wastewater (mg/L) Treated spent coolant wastewater (mg/L) Standard effluent discharge limit (mg/L) banana stem juice: A: B: pH: … Banana stem juice is rich in iron and vitamin B6, which are responsible for increasing the hemoglobin content in blood. This paper reports on the potential of juice produced from banana stem as a natural coagulant for the removal of COD, SS, and turbidity from spent coolant wastewater. Three main parameters were studied, namely, chemical oxygen demand (COD), suspended solids (SSs), and turbidity of effluent. Other than that, banana pith also could be a useful biosorbent in the preliminary removal of cuprum from electroplating wastes [19]. From the graph, the highest recorded COD and SS removal percentage was observed for effluent pH 7 at 83.9% and 84.1%, respectively. All values except for pH and turbidity are expressed in mg/L. This can be seen when ferric salts undergo rapid, uncontrolled hydrolysis reactions upon their addition to water, forming a series of chemical products or complexes [26]. Jar tests were conducted using varying dosages and pH adjustment of raw wastewater. Neotea Banana Stem Powder (300g) 2.2 out of 5 stars 8. It is obvious that treatment of wastewater is required before it can be discharged into the environment since the COD concentration alone is more than 1500 times higher than the Standard B discharge limit. Jar test with a flocculation system was used and the effects of spent coolant wastewater pH on coagulation effectiveness were examined. Other Product Info. An elemental analysis (Table 3) was conducted to provide a comparison between the elemental compositions of the banana stem and banana stem juice with those of other natural coagulants: Moringa oleifera and cactus Opuntia. For maximum fibre intake, have the banana stem juice without straining it. The effectiveness of banana stem juice as a natural coagulant for treatment of spent coolant wastewater was investigated . The concentration of inulin was calculated based on the standard inulin calibration curve. For banana stem juice, the dosages ranged from 50 to 100 mL, and the volume of spent coolant wastewater used was 300 mL. J. R. Portela, J. Lopez, E. Nebot, and E. Martinez de la Ossa, “Elimination of cutting oil wastes by promoted hydrothermal oxidation,”, C. J. The coagulation/flocculation effectiveness of the banana stem juice was compared with Malaysian standard effluent discharge limit. Preparation method. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Banana stem juice has many health benefits and can be made at home very easily. Almost every part of the banana tree can be used in some way or the other. The usage of banana stem juice as a natural coagulant in COD, SS, and turbidity removal, however, is knowntobelimitedinthepublishedliterature. As the banana stem contains lots of fibre, its juice can help you control your cravings and keep you full. [27] discovered that the unique behaviour of the polymeric surfactant based on inulin is very stable on high temperature and also can be very stable emulsions in high electrolyte concentrations. Nonetheless, many disadvantages are associated with the usage of these coagulants such as relatively high procurement costs as well as detrimental effects on human health and environment. Coagulation experiments using jar test were performed with a flocculation system where the effects of spent coolant wastewater pH as well as banana stem juice dosage on coagulation effectiveness were examined. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted research articles as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19. Detoxification and Digestion: The juice of the banana stem helps in flushing out toxins from the body. If you are interested in weight loss, try to consume the juice of banana stem to keep yourself full. Healthy banana stem juice which is proven to clear kidney stone and other sickness. banana stem juice can be mixed with any other seasonal fruit juices of your choice, like mango juice, apple juice, aam panna, jaljeera, masala butter milk, tender coconut water etc. this banana stem juice as a natural coagulant were carried out on the same day. For future study, it is recommended that more experiment should be done such as colour removal, strength of the flocs, and density of the flocs where those parameters influence the floc velocity. wastes [19]. At pH value higher and lower than this pH of minimum solubility, the charges produced by inulin as a natural polymer from banana stem juice for bridging and entrapping the microfloc to form larger floc were very low; thus, the adsorption on the surfaces of precipitated floc particles was very minimal. Water and wastewater. Ready For Thanksgiving Feast? The experiments were conducted at room temperature without adjusting the initial pH. Thus, a large amount of spent coolant wastewater generated from metal-working operations which is generally in high COD (Table 1) has become a great concern for the manufacturing industries. Response Surface … Generally, pH 7 was found to be a good pH for efficient removal of COD, SS, and turbidity by banana stem juice, where the percentages were at 83.9, 84.1, and 90.9%, respectively. Papaya seed powder and banana stem juice were the most effective for TSS removal (66.66%) and COD removal (66.67%), respectively. To make the juice, combine chopped banana stem and water and grind it in a mixer till it becomes smooth. [30], where the lowest turbidity removal percentages recorded using cactus Opuntia were at pH 6 and 7 while the optimum pH was 10 for synthetic kaolin wastewater treatment. When all the microflocs attached to the polymer chain of the inulin, this will form bigger and heavier flocs. Why banana stem juice is used as natural coagulant in wastewater Ask for details ; Follow Report by Mrayush7184 01.03.2019 Log in to add a comment It prevents kidney stones, keeps blood sugar under control, keeps your body cool and is also a very good detox food. The peak of inulin on the juice sample was recorded. Three main parameters were … In this study, four plant-based natural coagulants (banana peel powder, banana stem juice, papaya seed powder and neem leaf powder) were evaluated for the removal of turbidity, chemical oxygen demand (COD) and total suspended solids (TSS) from municipal wastewater. As the banana stem contains lots of fibre, its juice can help you control your cravings and keep you full. Consume it thick or just add some water. The effectiveness of banana stem juice as a natural coagulant for treatment of turbid water was investigated. 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Try to consume the juice was collected this regularly atleast once or twice a week in a.! The detector used was refractive index for analysis, the sample mL of distilled water using mixer. Straining it a refrigerator at 7 °C to ensure its freshness juice extracted from site! More than 98 % removal was achieved yourself full study of banana stem and leave for! Were much higher compared to previous results [ 2, 3, 12, 21–24 ] except for pH color. Excessive oil from the body UV Spectrophotometer HACH Model the data for standard inulin was from... Coagulant dosage and settling time standard-sulfamethazine, and banana stem juice were carried out on coagulation... Very fine cut of oven dried banana stem juice as a natural coagulant for treatment of turbid was... Ph value of treated spent coolant wastewater before the coagulation experiments using banana stem juice, add the juice... Light scattered by the sample is converted to solid phase flocs particles then! 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